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Çocukluk Obezitesi ve Ağız Diş Sağlığına Etkileri

Childhood Obesity and Effect to the Oral and Dental Health

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

DOI: 
10.17954/amj.2017.63

Keywords (Original Language):

Abstract (2. Language): 
Nutrition is the use of nutrients for sustaining a healthy life and tissue growth and development. Proper nutrition is important not only for its positive effects on physical and cognitive health but also on dental health. Being healthy is as important for oral health as for general health. Obesity is multifactorial disorder characterized by metabolic, endocrine and behavioral changes when excessive amounts of body fat accumulate in the body and develops when the energy from food is more than that consumed by physical activity and the metabolism. Obesity, especially in children, has become a serious problem worldwide and is increasing in early childhood. Obesity prevention should begin in childhood. Adolescent and childhood obesity prepares the ground for adulthood. Therefore, the family and the school should be informed about adequate and balanced nutrition, physical activity and the environment. The dietary habits of children are the most important cause of both caries and childhood obesity. The main factor in the relationship between dietary factors of caries is the time during the direct interaction between the dental plaques and fermented carbohydrates. Pediatric dentists have not only responsibilities regarding the oral health of children, but also the general health of the children. Accordingly, patients should be carefully monitored closely. Every pediatric patient requires special attention but those with specific conditions such as obesity require even more attention.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Beslenme, yaşamın sağlıklı sürdürülmesi, büyüme ve gelişmenin sağlanması için, besinlerin kullanılmasıdır. Doğru beslenme, sadece fiziksel ve bilişsel sağlığa olumlu etkileri için değil, diş sağlığı için de önemlidir. Sağlıklı olma, genel sağlığı ve diş sağlığını aynı oranda ilgilendirmektedir. Obezite, besinlerle alınan enerjinin metabolizma ve fiziksel aktivite ile tüketilen enerji miktarından fazla olduğu durumda, vücutta fazla miktarda yağ birikimi sonucu ortaya çıkan metabolik, endokrinal ve davranış değişiklikleri ile karakterize kompleks, multifaktöriyel bir hastalıktır. Dünya çapında ciddi sorun haline gelen obezite özellikle erken çocukluk yaşlarında artış göstermektedir. Obeziteden korunma, çocukluk çağında başlamalıdır. Çocukluk ve adölesan döneminde oluşan obezite, yetişkinlik dönemi obezitesi için zemin hazırlamaktadır. Bu nedenle aile, okul ve toplum, yeterli ve dengeli beslenme ve fiziksel aktivite konularında bilgilendirilmeli ve teşvik edilmelidir. Çocukluk obezitesinin de, çürük epidemiyolojisinin de en önemli faktörü çocukların diyet alışkanlıklarıdır. Diyet faktörünün çürük oluşumu ile ilişkisindeki ana faktör, fermente karbonhidratların dental plak ile arasındaki direkt etkileşimleri sırasındaki geçen zamandır. Çocuk diş hekimlerinin, sadece çocukların ağız sağlığı ile değil aynı zamanda genel sağlığına karşı da bir sorumluluğu mevcuttur ve buna bağlı olarak hastalar daha dikkatli gözlenmeli ve takip edilmelidir. Her çocuk hasta, özel bir ilgi gerektirir, ancak obezite gibi özel durumu olan çocuk hastalar daha fazla ilgi gerektirmektedir.

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