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Akademisyenlik Bağlamında Bilimsel Üretkenliği Etkileyen Çevresel Faktörler

Environmental Factors That Affect Scientific Productivity in the Context of Academician

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Problem Statement: A great amount of publications in our country has been made by academicians. Özdemir and Gökçe-Kutsal (2010) made the only example in the field of examining scientific productivity in our country by asking Physical Rehabilitation research assistants and experts working at different educational institutions for their advices. In the studies shading light on this study, it is determined that environmental factors reduce research productivity of participants, not personal factors. In this context, that environmental factors affecting scientific productivity of academicians are determined by opinions of academicians create a purpose of this study. Because there is no such comprehensive study conducted in this field, it is considered that its contribution to literature is quite important. Purpose of the Study: That environmental factors affecting scientific productivity of academicians are determined by opinions of academicians create a purpose of this study. Method(s): This research is descriptive study in scanning model. The questioner form developed by Özdemir and Kutsal in research in 2010 was used as data collection device in this study and after changing it without disturbing the integrity in accordance with the purpose of this study, it was prepared on the Internet, and then it was sent with an invention as e-mail for instructors to fill it. Invalid data was eliminated from sample and data of 212 instructors left over by considering IP addresses of instructors filling questioner form (by keeping confidential) and the average time that they spent while filling questionnaire. Findings and Discussions: According to findings in study, lack of support and encouragement is major problem among the environmental factors affecting scientific productivity of academicians negatively. It is found that academicians have not been encouraged by anyone, and have had no support and motivation about their publications. Additionally, the number of academicians thinking that the number of publications is enough is quite high. All these situations create environmental factors affecting the scientific productivity of academics negatively. In addition to these factors, lack of time is another factor. Conclusions and Recommendations: In conclusion; negative environmental factors affecting scientific productivity of academicians are lack of support and encouragement , lack of motivation, lack of time, lack of researching habits in institutions, lack of personnel support and financial support; positive factors are library/internet and laboratories used in research. In the light of results obtained from research; • Both consultants and academicians should care in order to support and encourage academicians. • The Council of Higher Education and the other private institutions can provide not only financial support but also supporting programs or consultancy services for academicians. • The most important support will be providing motivation. Therefore, that universities support their own academicians has great importance. In this case, each department improves methods appropriate for them and should support especially young academicians in the context of encouragement and motivation. • Because scientific productivity is new field in our country, it can be recommended that different researches should be conducted.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu araştırma, üniversite öğretim elemanlarının bilimsel üretkenliğini etkiyen çevresel faktörleri ortaya koymayı amaçlayan betimsel bir çalışmadır. Araştırma Türkiye’de 2012 yılında görevini üniversitelerde sürdürmekte olan akademisyenler ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmaya değişik üniversitelerden, fakültelerden, yaş gruplarından-cinsiyetten ve akademik unvanlardan toplam 212 akademisyen katılmıştır. Çalışmada veri toplama aracı olarak Özdemir ve Gökçe Kutsal’ın 2010 yılında araştırmalarında kullanmış oldukları soru formundan yararlanılmıştır. Araştırmanın sonucunda akademisyenleri bilimsel üretkenlik konusunda olumsuz etkileyen çevresel faktörler; destek ve teşvik eksikliği, motivasyon eksikliği, zaman yetersizliği, kurumlardaki araştırma kültürü eksikliği, personel desteği konusundaki yetersizlikler ve belli oranda maddi destek sıkıntısı olurken, olumlu etkileyen faktör olarak araştırma ve uygulama işlevlerinde kullanılan kütüphane/internet ve laboratuardan yararlanabilme durumu belirlenmiştir.
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