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ADOLESAN DÖNEM BASKETBOLCULARDA MEVKİLERE GÖRE YAPISAL VE MOTORİK ÖZELLİKLERİN KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI

COMPARİSON THE STRUCTURAL AND BİOMOTORİCAL FEATURES OF ADOLESCENT BASKETBALL PLAYERS ACCORDİNG TO PLAYİNG POSİTİON

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The aim of this study was to describe structural and biomotorical features of adolescent basketball players and to evaluate wheter players in different positional roles have different structural and biomotorical features. 79 adolescent basketball players, between 13-19 ages, (26 guard, 30 forward and 23 center) participated in the study. For structural analysis; skinfold thickness, body height and body wieght were measured. For biomotorical analysis; 30 m sprint, vertical jump, flexibility, arm and leg strength were measured. As a result; centers were significantly taller (P=0,001) and heavier (P=0,000) than guards and forwards. There was no significantly differences on player’s age, sport experience age, BMI (Body mass index) and body fat percentage’s values. Besides; gards were significiantly more flexible than forwards and centers (P=0,007). Though there was no significant differences, it is found that gards showed better sprint (4,46± 0,3) and vertical jump performance (33,4±5,1) than the other players. Besides pivots showed better leg (131,8±30,3) and arm strength (108,9±16,7) performance than the other players. In conclusion this study showed that, different playing positions had different structural features but, adolescent basketball players had similar biomotor performance.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Çalışmanın amacı; adolesan dönemdeki basketbolcuların yapısal motorik özelliklerinin belirlenmesi ve bu özelliklerin mevkilere göre karşılaştırılmasıdır. Çalışmaya yaşları 13-19 arasında, 79 lisanslı basketbol oyuncusu (26 gard, 30 forvet ve 23 pivot) gönüllü olarak katılmıştır. Yapısal özelliklerinin belirlenmesi amacıyla sporcuların boy, kilo ve deri altı yağ ölçümleri alınmıştır. Motorik özelliklerin belirlenmesi için ise; 30 m sürat, dikey sıçrama, esneklik ve bacak-kol kuvveti ölçümleri yapılmıştır. Sonuç olarak, pivot oyuncuların gard ve forvet oyuncularına göre istatistiksel anlamda daha uzun boylu (P=0,001) ve daha kilolu (P=0,000) oldukları belirlenmiştir. Bunun yanı sıra; gardların forvet ve pivotlara göre daha esnek oldukları belirlenmiştir (P=0,007). Ayrıca, istatistiksel anlamda bir fark olmamasıyla birlikte gard ve forvetlerin pivotlara göre daha süratli olduğu (4,46±0,3), gardların diğer oyunculara göre dikey sıçrama değerlerinin daha yüksek olduğu (33,4±5,1), bunun yanı sıra pivotların kol kuvveti (108,9±16,7) ve bacak kuvveti (131,8±30,3) değerlerinin diğer oyunculara göre daha yüksek olduğu saptanmıştır. Bu çalışma sonucunda adolesan dönem basketbolcularda farklı pozisyonların farklı yapısal özellikler içerdiğini ancak bu sporcuların benzer biyomotorik özelliklere sahip oldukları belirlenmiştir.

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