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Eğitimde Fırsat Eşitsizliğini Azaltmaya Yönelik Eğilimler: Afrika Verileri Üzerine Ampirik Bir Çalışma

Trends in the Reduction of Inequalities in the Field of Education: Empirical Investigation from African Data

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Abstract (2. Language): 
This paper attaches particular attention to the unequal dimension of education in Africa using several indicators. To account for the dynamics of the reduction of inequalities, we estimated the validity of the Kuznets curve of education. The results suggest that the shape of the Kuznets curve depends on the measure used to approximate inequality. Indeed, the assumption of the Kuznets curve is checked if the standard deviation of schooling is used. For its part, the Gini index maintains a significant negative relationship with the average number of years of study. The results also applies to all African countries and for each group of countries with a significant advance in reducing inequalities initiated by English speaking countries.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışma, çeşitli göstergeler kullanılarak Afrika’daki eğitim eşitsizliğine dikkat çekmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Eğitim eşitsizliğini azaltmaya yönelik dinamikler, eğitimde Kuznet Eğrisi’nin geçerliliği bağlamında ele alınmıştır. Ortaya çıkan sonuçlar, Kuznet Eğrisi’nin şeklinin ortalama eşitsizliğinin ölçülmesine bağlı olduğunu önermektedir. Kuznet Eğrisi’ne bağlı olarak ortaya çıkan varsayımlar öğretim verilerinin standart sapmasına bağlı olarak test edilmiştir. Aynı zamanda çalışmada kullanılan Gini İndeksi ortalama eğitim süresine bağlı olarak negatif ilişkiyi ortaya koymaktadır. Sonuçlar aynı zamanda İngilizce konuşulan Afrika ülkelerinde eğitimde fırsat eşitsizliğinin azaltılmasına yönelik pozitif bir eğilim olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır.

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