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KOZMOPOLİTAN-TOPLULUKÇU AYRIMI: ÜÇÜNCÜ BİR YAKLAŞIM OLABİLİR Mİ?

COSMOPOLITAN-COMMUNITARIAN DICHOTOMY: TOWARDS A THIRD WAY?

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Uluslararası İlişkiler disiplinindeki başlıca güncel çalışma alanlarından bir tanesi de farklı yaklaşımlar barındıran normatif kuramdır. İki tane başlıca yaklaşım vardır: 1980’lerdeki felsefi tartışmalara dayanan Kozmopolitan yaklaşım ve Toplulukçu yaklaşım. Üçüncü bir grup 1990’lı yılların başından beri bu ayrımı sorgulamaktadır. Bu makalenin amacı, Kozmopolitan-Toplulukçu ikilem hakkındaki son otuz yıldır devam etmekte olan kuramsal literatürü eleştirel olarak incelemektir. Bu makalede, zor olduğu kabul edilmekle birlikte üçüncü bir yaklaşımın olabileceği iddia edilmektedir. Özellikle Kozmopolitan yaklaşımdaki ahlaksal ve siyasal olmak üzere ikili ayrıma odaklanılarak, üçüncü bir yaklaşımın olabilirliği ve bununla beraber evrensel ahlak olasılığı araştırılmaktadır.
Abstract (Original Language): 
One of the current challenging study areas in International Relations discipline is normative theory which involves variety of approaches. There are two main groups: cosmopolitan and communitarian based on the philosophical concerns of the 1980s. A third group began to question this dichotomy since the 1990s. The aim of this article is to present a critical review of the theoretical literature about cosmopolitan-communitarian dichotomy over the past three decades. It is argued that though it is difficult there can be a middle ground. By particularly focusing on two of the dominant articulations of cosmopolitanism, that are moral and political cosmopolitan approaches, this article attempts to analyze the possibilities and limitations inherent in the search for ethical universalism through a third way.

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