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YAZILIM PROJESİ SEÇİM PROBLEMİNDE ÇOK AMAÇLI OPTİMİZASYON UYGULAMASI

AN APPLICATION OF MULTIOBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION ON SOFTWARE PROJECT SELECTION PROBLEM

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Companies consider a large number of objectives while selecting the projects according to their budgets. Although it varies depending on the type of the project and structure of the company, benefits of the project, profitability, cost, efficiency and risk profile of the project are taken into account within limited resources. Because these objectives are interrelated, they should be evaluated together for a right selection of the solving method. In this study, it is aimed to select the best project of a software company. Firstly, TOPSIS and VIKOR methods are used to order projects from the best to the worst. Then, the selection problem is resolved by multiobjective genetic algorithm. All results are compared and the best project is selected.
Abstract (Original Language): 
İşletmeler bütçeleri dahilinde uygulamak istedikleri projeleri seçerken çok sayıda amacı göz önünde bulundururlar. Projenin türü ve işletmenin yapısına göre değişmekle birlikte, projenin faydası, karlılık, maliyet, verimlilik, risk ve sınırlı kaynaklar düşünülerek gerçekleştirilmeye çalışılmaktadır. Bu kriterler birbirleriyle ilişkili olduğundan, birlikte değerlendirilmeleri doğru bir seçimin yapılabilmesi için önemlidir. Bu çalışmada, bir yazılım firmasının yürüttüğü projeler içinden, belirlenen kriterler göz önüne alınarak en iyi projenin seçilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çok Kriterli Karar Verme yöntemlerinden olan TOPSIS ve VIKOR ile projeler amaçları karşılama derecesine göre sıralanmıştır. Kriterler amaç fonksiyonları olarak düzenlenerek çok amaçlı evrimsel optimizasyon algoritması ile proje seçim problemi yeniden çözülmüştür. Tüm sonuçlar karşılaştırılarak en iyi projenin seçimi ile sonuca ulaşılmıştır.

REFERENCES

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