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ALÜMİNYUM, KAĞIT VE CAM ELYAF PETEK YAPILI KOMPOZİTLERİN ÜRETİM TEKNİKLERİ VE MEKANİK ÖZELLİKLERİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI

PRODUCTION TECHNICS OF HONEYCOMB FROM ALUMINUM, GLASS FIBER AND PAPER COMPOSITES AND INVESTIGATION OF THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Honeycomb composite materials are used in the high strength mechanical structures especially in the case of energy absorption that is revealed after the impact of the parts. They are being inserted to laminates of the inner and the outer wall sandwich structures in order to obtain fairly lighter systems. Substituting of the honeycombs between laminae is lead to increase the moment of inertia and resulting increase to the bending strength of the structure. They are generally used for internal material that is obtained by combining corrugated plates in sandwich constructions. In this work, aluminium folio materials (commercial grade aluminium or 3000 series aluminium alloy) and polyester sucked glass fiber and paper are used. After testing, the maximum strengths, fracture and deformations values and the energy absorption ability are obtained under compression and crush loads . The optimisation will be obtained together with different choice of material and size of the honeycomb cells. It is presented various clues for the practical applications especially in aerospace, automotive and defence industry.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Petekli kompozit yapılar, özellikle çarpma sonucu ortaya çıkan enerjinin absorbe edildiği yüksek mekanik dayanım gerektiren konstrüksiyonlarda kullanılır. Oldukça hafif sistemler elde etmek için, sandviç yapıların iç ve dış tabakaları arasına bu petekli yapılar yerleştirilir. Tabakalar arasına petekli yapının yerleştirilmesi, yapının atalet momentinin ve eğilme dayanımının artmasını sağlar. Ondüle edilmiş plakaların birleştirilmesi sonucu elde edilen petek yapılı hücreler, sandviç yapıların iç (dolgu) malzemesini oluşturur. Bu çalışmada, alüminyum folyo (ticari alüminyum, 3000 serisi alüminyum alaşımı), polyerster reçine emdirilmiş kağıt ve cam elyaf kullanılmıştır. Deneyler sonucu petek yapılı kompozitlerin, maksimum dayanım, kırılma ve deformasyon değerleri ve enerji absorbe özellikleri basma ve çarpma yükleri altında elde edilmiştir. Petek yapılı hücrelerin farklı hücre boyutu ve malzeme seçimi birlikte ele alınarak, optimum değerler bulunmuştur. Özellikle uzay, otomotiv ve savunma sanayinde pratik uygulamalar için çeşitli ipuçları sunulmuştur.

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