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TURİSTLERİN EĞİTİM DURUMU VE CİNSİYETLERİNİN OTEL SEÇİMİNE ETKİSİ: İZMİR’DE BİR ARAŞTIRMA

EFFECTS OF EDUCATIONAL STATUS AND GENDER OF TOURISTS ON THE CHOICE OF HOTEL: A RESEARCH IN İZMİR

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The purpose of this study is to determine factors affecting the choice of hotel of persons traveling for tourism purposes. The study also aims to identify the differences in factors which have an impact on the choice of hotels depending on individuals’ gender and educational background. To achieve this aim, the scale which was developed by Sohrabi et al. was translated into Turkish and conducted as a pilot study in Kuşadası before being applied to the randomly selected 166 participants living in İzmir. Preliminary construct validity of hotel selection factors was tested using exploratory factor analysis. After the main study hotel selection factors were determined as; service quality, price, and cleanliness of room, location of the hotel and climatic conditions, hotel’s environment and network services. Internal consistency, as assessed by Cronbach's alpha, for each of the content areas within each of five hotel selection factors was found to be adequate to demonstrate reliability. As a result of the factorial MANOVA test, price and service quality was found to be more important than cleanliness of rooms, climatic conditions, hotel’s environment and network services. In addition, it is identified that people having graduate education degree give more importance to service quality, women to cleanliness of rooms and men having undergraduate degree to price in their hotel selection
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmanın amacı, turizm amaçlı seyahate çıkan kişilerin otel seçimlerini etkileyen faktörleri belirlemektir. Ayrıca çalışmada kişilerin otel seçimlerinde etkili olan faktörlerde cinsiyet ve eğitim durumlarına bağlı olarak ortaya çıkan farklılıkları da belirlemek amaçlanmaktadır. Bu amacı başarmak için Sohrabi ve arkadaşları tarafından geliştirilmiş olan ölçek Türkçeye uyarlanmış ve Kuşadası’nda pilot çalışma yapıldıktan sonra İzmir’de yaşayan rastgele örnekleme yöntemi ile seçilmiş 166 kişiye uygulanmıştır. Ölçeğin yapısal geçerliliği açıklayıcı faktör analizi ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Ana çalışma sonrasında otel seçimini etkileyen faktörler; hizmet kalitesi, fiyat, oda temizliği, otelin konumu ve iklim koşulları, otelin çevresi ve internet olanakları olarak belirlenmiştir. İçsel tutarlılık, Cronbach’s alfa’da ortaya koyulduğu gibi, beş faktörün her birinde var olan güvenirlik yeterlidir. Yapılan faktöriyel MANOVA testi sonucunda fiyatın ve hizmet kalitesinin odaların temizliğine, otelin konumu ve iklim koşullarına, otelin çevresi ve internet olanaklarına göre daha önemli olduğu ortaya konulmuştur. Ayrıca otel tercihi yaparken lisansüstü eğitimli kişilerin hizmet kalitesine, kadınların odaların temizliğine, lisans mezunu olan erkeklerin ise fiyata daha fazla önem verdikleri belirlenmiştir.

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