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Mali Kural Kavramı ve Politika Çerçevesi

Fiscal Rule Concept and Policy Framework

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Publication Year:

DOI: 
10.25295/fsecon.2018.01.008

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Author NameUniversity of AuthorFaculty of Author
Abstract (2. Language): 
In point of fact, the notions such as transparency and accountability have gained significance in recent years and have made fiscal discipline and fiscal rule more popular concept for achieving fiscal discipline. There observed an increase in the number of countries prefering to apply rules in fiscal policy between years 2000 and 2015. The fiscal policies of governments can lead to an increase in budget deficits and therefore debt stocks. The new financial crises have been built on such issues. The fiscal rule, which can be regarded as a rule-based policy tool, is the instrument of fiscal policy that can be used to ensure fiscal discipline and to prevent such problems from occurring. In this study, rule-based fiscal policies for ensuring fiscal discipline is explained specific to fiscal rule concept. This is a descriptive study that examines the terms fiscal discipline and fiscal rule and the relationship between them.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Şeffaflık ve hesap verilebilirlik gibi nosyonların son yıllarda önem kazanıyor olması, mali disiplini ve mali disiplinin sağlanmasını yönünde mali kural kavramını daha popüler bir kavram haline getirmiştir. Maliye politikasında kural uygulamalarının tercih eden ülke sayısında 2000-2015 yılları arasında artış gözlenmektedir. Hükümetlerin izledikleri maliye politikaları, bütçe açıklarının ve dolayısıyla borç stoklarının artmasına sebep olabilmektedir. Yeni mali krizler bu ve bu gibi sorunlar üzerine inşa edilmiştir. İradi maliye politikalarının yerini kurala bağlı politikalara bırakması olarak görülebilecek olan mali kural, mali disiplinin sağlanması ve bu gibi sorunların oluşmasını önlemede kullanılan bir maliye politikası aracı niteliğindedir. Bu çalışmada, mali disiplinin sağlanması yönünde kurala bağlı maliye politikaları mali kural kavramı özelinde açıklanmaktadır. Çalışma, mali disiplin ve mali kural kavramlarını ve bu iki kavram arasındaki teorik ilişkiyi inceleyen betimsel bir çalışmadır.

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REFERENCES

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