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DEĞİŞEN ULUSLARARASI GÜVENLİK İNŞASINDA TOPLUMSAL CİNSİYET MESELESİ

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Rapid change and evolvement of international environment considerably put the concept of security into a huge questionable area. Since international security structure especially after the end of Cold War and the announcement of the war on terror consecutively has become like a machine functioning in a dizzying pace, the role of women in this structure has been put into consideration more aggressively. Although women which consist of the half of the population of the World, international security indisputably is considered as men’s World. In this sense, the role of women in armed conflict, conflict resolution or peace maintenance or building activities as well as their vulnerability as victims in different areas of conflict and war zones needs to be given more attention. This article, thus, reveals the necessity role of women in constantly changing international security architecture as an actor (or “actress”) equal with men. Therefore, reports and works of international actors such as UN and NATO were analysed with qualitative research method.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Uluslararası ortamdaki hızlı değişim ve gelişim, güvenlik kavramını ciddi tartışmaların olduğu bir alanın merkezi haline getirmiştir. Özellikle Soğuk Savaşın bitimi ve terörle mücadelenin ilan edilmesiyle uluslararası güvenlik yapısının baş döndürücü hızla çalışan bir makine gibi hareket etmesi, bu alanda kadınların rolünün de sorgulanmaya başlamasına neden olmuştur. Dünya nüfusunun yarısını kadınların oluşturmasına rağmen uluslararası güvenlik alanının çok fazla tartışmaya mahal vermeksizin erkek dünyası olarak görülmektedir. Ancak, savaş ve çatışma alanlarında mağdur olarak hassasiyetleri yanında kadının, silahlı çatışma, çatışma çözümü, barışı koruma ya da inşa etme faaliyetlerindeki rolüne de daha fazla önem verilmesine ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır. Bu nedenle çalışma, sürekli değişen uluslararası güvenlik yapısında kadının rolünün erkeklerle eşit aktör/aktris(ler) olarak algılanması gerektiğini ortaya koymayı amaçlamaktadır. Dolayısıyla Birleşmiş Milletler ve NATO gibi uluslararası aktörlerin raporları ve çalışmaları nitel araştırma yöntemiyle incelenmiştir.

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