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AFGANİSTAN: BÖLGESEL REKABET VE YENİ AÇILIMLAR

Afghanistan: Regional Competition and New Expansions

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The Afghanistan operation has been discussed in the United States and NATO for a long time, but there are sharp contradictions among the views asserted. Nevertheless, the US and NATO have decided to start the new expansion to get support from the countries in the region. The strategy is primarily focusing on a trade and transportation network that both solves the logistic problems of troops and increases the economic interdependence among regional powers. After this, the second step is to intensify public diplomacy efforts, but the regional rivalry between Pakistan and Iran with frosty cooperation among India, China and Russia triangle shows that the Afghanistan operation is more complex and multidimensional than it was considered. Moreover, it is very difficult to say that Taliban loses power, because of the opium trade in Afghanistan and financial aids from the Muslim countries. The deaths of civil people cause more reaction in Afghanistan day by day and affect the Afghan people’s attitudes. After all, the “Muslim Peace Force” suggestion which is hoped to be a solution has very controversial elements in it.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Afganistan harekâtı, ABD içinde ve NATO çerçevesinde uzun zamandır tartışılmakta, ancak ileri sürülen görüşler arasında keskin ayrılıklar bulunmaktadır. Bununla birlikte, ABD ve NATO bölge ülkelerinin desteğini almak için yeni bir açılım sürecini başlatmaya karar vermiştir. Düşünülen strateji, öncelikle hem Afganistan’daki askeri kuvvetlerinin lojistik sorununu çözeceği, hem de ekonomik karşılıklı bağımlılığı arttırarak, bölge ülkelerinin desteğini alacağı bir ulaşım ve ticaret ağı planıdır. Sonrasında ise Afganistan’daki kamu diplomasisi faaliyetlerinin arttırılmasıdır. Ancak İran ve Pakistan arasındaki bölgesel rekabet ile Hindistan, Çin ve Rusya üçgenindeki mesafeli dayanışma modeli, Afganistan’da sürdürülen operasyonun çok daha karmaşık ve çok boyutlu bir yapıya sahip olduğunu göstermektedir. Ayrıca Afganistan’daki uyuşturucu ticareti ve Müslüman ülkelerden gelen mali yardımlar sayesinde Taliban’ın güç kaybettiğini söylemek mümkün görünmemektedir. Sivil ölümlerin giderek artması ile yükselen gerilim, Afgan halkının tavrını etkilemektedir. Konuya çözüm için önerilen “Müslüman Barış Gücü” oluşturma fikrinin ise ne kadar etkili olacağı çok tartışmalıdır.

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