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Çatışma Alanlarında Ekonomik Faaliyetleri Arttırma

Facilitating Economic Activity in Conflict Zones

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Abstract (2. Language): 
This article argues that there is a growing recognition that peace -largely, the absence of internal and external violence- enhances economic activity, while conflict has the opposite effects. Nations experiencing such disorder cannot abandon economic activity until violence subsides. Nevertheless, obstacles to conducting commerce exist in conflict zones more so than elsewhere. Even in countries where conflict is extensive, some positive economic activity is exhibited. As such, it is vital to discuss which policies, activities, and organizations tend to contribute to economic activity in conflict zones. Consequently, governments, industry, nongovernmental organizations, and the populace can emphasize these productive efforts in the economic arena, and, thereby, offer some helpful variables in conflict zones.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu makale, barışın, yani büyük bir ölçüde dâhilî ve harici şiddetin yokluğunun, ekonomik faaliyeti arttırırken çatışmanın ise tersi etkileri olduğunun giderek kabul gördüğünü savunmaktadır. Bu düzensizliği yaşayan uluslar, şiddet sona erene kadar ekonomik faaliyetten vazgeçmemektedir. Yine de, ticareti yönetme engelleri, çatışma bölgesi içinde diğer yerlerden daha fazla bulunmaktadır. Çatışmanın yoğun olduğu ülkelerde bile, bazı pozitif ekonomik faaliyetler ortaya konulmuştur. Dolayısıyla hangi politikaların, eylemlerin ve teşkilatların çatışma bölgelerindeki ekonomik faaliyete katkıda bulunma eğiliminde olduğunun tartışılması büyük bir önem arz etmektedir. Sonuç olarak, hükümetler, sanayi, sivil toplum örgütleri ve halk bu üretken çabaları ekonomik arenada vurgulayıp çatışma bölgelerinde bazı faydalı değişkenler sunabilmektedir.
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