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RUSYA, AB, ABD ILISKILERI BAGLAMINDA ENERJININ EKONOMI POLITIGI VE KÜRESELLESMENIN JEOPOLITIGI

Political Economy of Energy within the Framework of Russia, EU, and USA Relations and Geopolitics of Globalization

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Abstract (2. Language): 
After the end of the Cold War, it has been argued that, the issue of geopolitics has lost its importance vis-à-vis the phenomenon of globalization. However, it can be seen that the validity of this postulation is decreasing, when one looks at the developments within the energy sector. Moreover, it can be said that neo-liberal arguments are a functional part of a particular geopolitical project. Especially, developments in the energy sector can be seen as evidence for this situation. Thus, in this paper, the political economy of Russian oil after the collapse of the Soviet Union is examined with special reference to international political economy. Firstly, a general issue of domestic oil sector of Russia is pointed out in the context of political economy. Secondly, the role of the energy sector in Russian foreign policy and relations between Russia, CIS, OPEC, Turkey, EU and USA are examined. Finally, the issue of whether one can talk about “geopolitics” in the era of globalization is discussed.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Küresellesme olgusu ile birlikte, jeopolitigin ve çatısmacı güç politikalarının önemini kaybettigi, bunun yerine ekonomik iliskilerin ön plana çıkarak tüm tarafların yarar sagladıgı bir dünyanın olustugu, neo-liberal düsünürler tarafından ileri sürülmeye baslanmıstır. Ancak, enerji alanındaki gelismelere bakıldıgında, bu savın geçerliligi azalmaktadır. Dahası, savunulan neoliberal tezlerin belli çıkarlar dogrultusunda islev gören jeopolitik bir projeye hizmet ettigi de söylenebilir. Özellikle enerji alanında yasanan jeopolitik mücadeleler, bu duruma kanıt olarak gösterilebilir. Bu dogrultuda, çalısmada ilk olarak, Rusya enerji sektöründeki gelismeler ekonomi politik baglamında incelenmistir. Ikinci olarak, enerji konusunun Rusya dıs politikasına olan etkisi ve Rusya’nın BDT, OPEC, Türkiye, AB ve ABD ile olan iliskileri irdelenmistir. Sonuç olarak, güç politikalarının geçerliligini yitirmedigi; tam tersine yeni ekonomi-politik araçlar ile sürdügü tartısması yapılarak, küresellesmenin jeopolitigi üzerinde durulmustur.

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