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Bir Etik Problem: Psikiyatride İlaç Araştırmaları ve Hemşirelik

An Ethical Problem: Drug Researches in Psychiatry and Nursing

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Abstract (2. Language): 
To reach scientific knowledge is the main goal in clinical drug research like in all research types. While in therapeutic researches that is administered in the light of this goal, the patient is both the goal and the means of the research, in non-theapeutic researches the patient is only the means of the research. Whether it is therapeutic or non- therapeutic, an independent, informed consent is necessary to be taken from patients who will take place in the research. Some patient groups are accepted as vulnerable about giving informed consent because of the missing abilities caused by their illnesses or not having the social power that is necessary to decide independently. Psychiatric patients are in the front sides of these groups. So, in drug researches that will be done in psychiatry it is necessary to be careful about rights of these patients by the team. In this paper, the situation of psychiatric nurses in drug researches as a team member in our country, the responsibilities they can have in research team and ethics committees have been presented in the light of rights of psychiatric patients as a vulnerable group and the roles of nurses.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Tüm araştırmalarda olduğu gibi, klinik ilaç araştırmalarında da bilimsel bilgiye ulaşmak temel amaçtır. Bu amaç ışığında yürütülen tedavi amaçlı araştırmalarda hasta hem araştırmanın amacı hem de aracı durumunda iken, tedavi amaçlı olmayan araştırmalarda sadece araç durumundadır. Tedavi amaçlı olsun ya da olmasın araştırmaya katılacak hastalardan özerkliğe dayalı, bilgilendirilmiş onam alınması gereklidir. Bazı hasta grupları hastalıklarının neden olduğu bilişsel yeti kayıpları ya da özerk karar verebilme için gerekli sosyal güçten yoksun oluşları gibi nedenlerle bilgilendirilmiş onam alınması açısından incinebilir/ örselenebilir olarak kabul edilmektirler. Psikiyatri hastaları bu gruplar arasında ilk sıralarda yer almaktadır. Bu nedenle psikiyatri alanında yapılacak ilaç araştırmalarında bu hastaların haklarına ekip tarafından daha fazla dikkat edilmesi gerekmektedir. Bu makalede ülkemizde bir tedavi ekibi üyesi olarak psikiyatri hemşirelerinin ilaç araştırmalarındaki konumu, araştırma ekibinde ve etik kurullarda üstlenebileceği sorumluluklar incinebilir bir hasta grubu olan psikiyatri hastalarının hakları ve hemşirelerin bu hastalarla yapılacak araştırmalardaki rolleri bağlamında gözden geçirilmiştir.

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Bir Etik Problem: Psikiyatride İlaç Araştırmaları ve Hemşirelik
An Ethical Problem: Drug Researches in Psychiatry and Nursing
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