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FAREPRIMONT VE MALMQUIST VERİMLİLİK ENDEKSLERİ İLE TÜRK HAVALİMANLARININ ETKİNLİKLERİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI

Comparison of Turkish Airports Efficiency with FarePrimont and Malmquist Productivity Index

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DOI: 
http://dx.doi.org/10.23929/javs.110

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The growth of the air transportation sector with ever-increasing momentum requires the existing airports to operate more efficiently. Data envelopment analysis and stochastic boundary analysis, which are used to measure the efficiency of systems with multiple inputs and multiple outputs, have been used extensively in the literature in airports (Gillen and Lall,1997: Düzakın and Güçray, 2001: Carlsson, 2002: Kamp, 2005: Lin and Hong, 2006: Barros and Dieke, 2007: Maligheti etc, 2008). In this study, the efficiencies of 38 airports were evaluated with the FarePrimont and Malmquist indices considering the data for 2011-2014. FarePrimont analysis will be applied for the first time in Turkish airports with the results compared with the Malmquist productivity index. Malmquist productivity index which are applied panel data indices such as total factor productivity, technical change, technical efficiency change, pure efficiency change and scale efficiency change. According to the results of the study, the Malmquist total factor productivity index and the FarePrimont total factor productivity index are the biggest increases in total factor productivity between 2011-2014 in Isparta Süleyman Demirel Airport and the most decrease is in Tekirdag Corlu airport and Çanakkale airport.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Hava yolu taşımacılığı sektörünün gün geçtikçe artan ivme ile büyümesi mevcut havalimanlarının daha etkin çalışmasını gerektirmektedir. Birden fazla girdi ile birden fazla çıktının olduğu sistemlerin etkinliğini ölçmede kullanılan veri zarflama analizi ve stokastik sınır analizi bu bağlamda havalimanlarında da literatürde çokça kullanılmıştır (Gillen ve Lall,1997: Düzakın ve Güçray, 2001: Carlsson,2002: Kamp, 2005: Lin ve Hong, 2006: Barros ve Dieke, 2007: Maligheti vd, 2008). Bu çalışmada 2011-2014 yılları arasındaki veriler dikkate alınarak 38 havalimanının etkinlikleri FarePrimont ve Malmquist endeksleri ile değerlendirilmiştir. FarePrimont analizi türk havalimanlarında bu çalışma ile ilk defa uygulanacak olup sonuçlar Malmquist verimlilik endeksi ile karşılaştırılarak verilmiştir. Malmquist verimlilik endeksi veri zarflama analizinin toplam faktör verimliliği, teknik değişim, teknik etkinlik değişimi, saf etkinlik değişimi ve ölçek etkinlik değişimi gibi endeksleri panel datalara uygulanma biçimidir. Çalışma sonuçları Malmquist toplam faktör verimliliği endeksi ile birlikte FarePrimont toplam faktör verimliliği endeksinin 2011-2014 yılları arasında toplam faktör verimliliği olarak en büyük artışın Isparta Süleyman Demirel Havalimanında, en fazla düşüşün ise Tekirdağ Çorlu havalimanı ve Çanakkale havalimanında olduğunu göstermektedir.

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REFERENCES

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