You are here

Hemşirelerin Sahip Olduğu Ruhsal Zekânın İş Performansları Üzerindeki Etkisi: Kapadokya Örneği

SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE IMPACT ON THE NURSES’ WORK PERFORMANCES: CASE OF CAPPADOCIA

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

DOI: 
http://dx.doi.org/10.23929/javs.169

Keywords (Original Language):

Author NameUniversity of Author
Abstract (2. Language): 
Spiritual intelligence, which is considered within the context of human capital, has a potential to lay the groundwork for individual and organizational transformations. Due to this potential, spiritual intelligence can be regarded as an important antecedent for enhancing individual and organizational performance. This study was conducted to determine the effects of spiritual intelligence levels on the task and contextual performances of nurses working in public hospitals operating in the Cappadocia region. The result of the correlation analyses shows that there have been significant and positive relationships between spiritual intelligence and its all subdimensions and task performance and contextual performance. Following to correlation analyses, regression analyses have been carried out to test effects of independent variable spiritual intelligence and its subdimensions (critical existential thinking, individual’s creation of meaning, metaphysics (abstract) awareness and expanded consciousness) on the dependable variables, task performance and organizational performance. The result of regression analyses shows that critical existential thinking, individual’s creation of meaning and metaphysics (abstract) awareness have significant and positive effects on task performance. Similiarly, individual’s creation of meaning and expanded consciousness have significant and positive effects on contextual performance.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Beşeri sermaye kapsamında değerlendirilen ruhsal zekâ, bireysel ve örgütsel dönüşümlere zemin hazırlayacak bir potansiyele sahiptir. Bu potansiyel nedeniyle ruhsal zekâ, bireysel ve örgütsel performansın artırılmasında önemli bir öncül olarak değerlendirilebilir. Bu çalışma, Kapadokya bölgesinde faaliyet gösteren kamu hastanelerinde görev yapmakta olan hemşirelerin görev ve bağlamsal performansları üzerinde ruhsal zekâ düzeylerinin etkisini belirlemek amacıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Değişkenler arasındaki ilişkiyi belirlemek amacıyla yapılan korelasyon analizi neticesinde, ruhsal zekâ ve ruhsal zekânın tüm alt boyutları ile görev performansı ve bağlamsal performans arasında anlamlı ve pozitif yönlü ilişkiler bulunduğu tespit edilmiştir. Bağımsız değişkenlerin (ruhsal zekânın alt boyutları; eleştirisel varoluşçu düşünce, bireysel anlam üretimi, metafizik farkındalık ve bilinç açılımı) bağımlı değişkenler (görev performansı ve bağlamsal performans) üzerindeki etkisini test etmek amacıyla regresyon analizi gerçekleştirilmiştir. Yapılan analizler sonucunda, eleştirisel varoluşçu düşünce, bireysel anlam üretimi ve metafizik farkındalığın görev performansı üzerinde anlamlı ve pozitif yönlü bir etkiye sahip olduğu bulgusuna ulaşılmıştır. Benzer şekilde, bireysel anlam üretimi ve bilinç açılımı alt boyutlarının bağlamsal performans üzerinde anlamlı ve pozitif yönlü etki doğurduğu bulgusu ortaya konmuştur.

JEL Codes:

REFERENCES

References: 

Ahadzie, D. K., Proverbs, D. G., & Olomolaiye, P. (2008). “Towards developing competency-based measures for construction project managers: Should contextual behaviours be distinguished from task behaviours?”. International Journal of Project Management, 26(6), 631-645.
Ahluwalia, G. (2013). “Spiritual knack model – The fourteen dimensions of spiritual intelligence”. Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal, 1(2), 55-64.
Allen, N. J. & Vandenberghe, C. (2003). “Examining organizational commitment in China”. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 62, 511-515.
Amram, Y. (2007). “The seven dimensions of spiritual intelligence: An ecumenical grounded theory”. In 115th Annual Conference of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, August 17-20.
Aydıntan, B. (2009). “Ruhsal zekânın dönüştürücü liderlik üzerine etkisini araştıran uygulamalı bir çalışma”. Atatürk Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 23(2), 257-274.
Badenhorst, A., & Smith, D. (2007). “Misconceptions about emotional intelligence: Deploying emotional intelligence in one’s life dimensions”. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 5(3), 1-10.
Befort, N., & Hattrup, K. (2003). “Valuing task and contextual performance: experience, job roles, and ratings of the importance of job behaviors”. Applied HRM Research, 8(1), 17-32.
Borman,W. C., & Motowidlo, S. J. (1993). “Expanding the criterion domain to include elements of contextual performance”. In N. Schmitt & W. C. Borman (Eds.), Personnel Selection (pp. 71–98). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Campbell, J. P. (2013). “Alternative models of job performance and their implications for selection and classification”. In M. G. Rumsey, C. B. Walker & J. H. Harrid (Eds.), Personnel Selection and Classification (pp. 33-51). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Chin, S. T. S., Anantharaman, R. N., & Tong, D. Y. K. (2011). “The roles of emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence at the workplace”. Journal of Human Resources Management Research, 2011, 1-9.
Chiu, C., Hong, Y., & Dweck, C. S. (1994). “Toward an integrative model of personality and intelligence: Ageneral framework and some preliminary steps”. In R. J. Sternberg & P. Ruzgis (Eds.), Personality and Intelligence (pp. 104–134). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Coleman, J. S. (1988). “Social capital in the creation of human capital”. American Journal of Sociology, 94, 95-120.
Cook, S., Macaulay, S., & Coldicott, H. (2004), Change Management Excellence: Using the four Successfull Organizational Change. London: Kogan Page Limited.
Cowan, D. A. (2005). “Translating spiritual intelligence into leadership competencies”. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion, 2(1), 3-38.
Emmons, R. A. (2000). “Is spirituality an intelligence? Motivation, cognition, and the psychology of ultimate concern”. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 10(1), 3-26.
Javstudies.com Javstudies@gmail.com International Journal of Academic Value Studies
International Journal of Academic Value Studies ISSN:2149-8598 Vol: 3, Issue: 9 pp. 273-284
283
Faribors, B., Fatemeh, A., & Hamidreza, H. (2010). “The relationship between nurses’ spiritual intelligence and happiness in Iran”. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 1556-1561.
Greenslade, J.H., & Jimmieson, N. L. (2007). “Distinguishing between task and contextual performance for nurses: Development of a job performance scale”. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 58(6), 602-11.
Green, W. N., & Noble, K. D. (2010). “Fostering spiritual intelligence: Undergraduates’ growth in a course about consciousness”. Advanced Development Journal, 12, 26-48.
Howard, B. B., Guramatunhu-Mudiwa, P., & White, S. R. (2009). “Spiritual intelligence and transformational leadership: A new theoretical framework”. Journal of Curriculum and Instruction, 3(2), 54-67.
Javaheri, H., Safarnia, H., & Mollahosseini, A. (2013). “Survey relationship between spiritual intelligence and service quality”. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 4(9), 547-554.
Jawahar, I. M., Meurs, J. A., Ferris, G. R., & Hochwarter, W. A. (2008). “Self-efficacy and political skill as comparative predictors of task and contextual performance: A two-study constructive replication”. Human Performance, 21(2), 138-157.
Kaur, D., Sambasivan, M., & Kumar, N. (2013). “Effect of spiritual intelligence, emotional intelligence, psychological ownership and burnout on caring behaviour of nurses: a cross‐sectional study”. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22(21-22), 3192-3202.
King, D. B. (2008). Rethinking Claims of Spiritual Intelligence: A Definition, Model, and Measure. Thesis of Master, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada: Trent University.
Larrabee, J. H., Ostrow, C. L., Withrow, M. L., Janney, M. A., Hobbs, G. R., & Burant, C. (2004). “Predictors of patient satisfaction with inpatient hospital nursing care”. Research in Nursing & Health, 27(4), 254-268.
Lucas Jr, R. E. (1988). “On the mechanics of economic development”. Journal of Monetary Economics, 22(1), 3-42.
Luthans, F., & Youssef, C. M. (2004). “Human, social, and now positive psychological capital management: Investing in people for competitive advantage. Organizational Dynamics, 33(2), 143-160.
McGhee, P., & Grant, P. (2008). “Spirituality and ethical behaviour in the workplace: Wishful thinking or authentic reality”. Electronic Kournal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies, 13(2), 61-69.
Milutinović, D., Simin, D., Brkić, N., & Brkić, S. (2012). “The patient satisfaction with nursing care quality: the psychometric study of the Serbian version of PSNCQ questionnaire”. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 26(3), 598-606.
Moonaghi, H. K., Lakeh, M. A., Makarem, A., Esmaeili, H., & Ebrahimi, M. (2013). “Can spiritual intelligence affect professionalism in medical faculty members?”. Educational Research in Medical Sciences Journal, 2(1), 3-8.
Motowildo, S. J., Borman, W. C., & Schmit, M. J. (1997). “A theory of individual differences in task and contextual performance”. Human Performance, 10(2), 71-83.
Motowidlo, S. J., & Van Scotter, J. (1994). “Evidence that task performance should be distinguished from contextual performance”. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79, 475–480.
Pitt, M. & Tucker, M. (2008). “Performance measurement in facilities management: Driving innovation?”. Property Management, 26(4), 241-254.
Javstudies.com Javstudies@gmail.com International Journal of Academic Value Studies
International Journal of Academic Value Studies ISSN:2149-8598 Vol: 3, Issue: 9 pp. 273-284
284
Rani, A. A., Abidin, I., & Hamid, M. R. (2013). “The impact of spiritual ıntelligence on work performance: Case studies in government hospitals of East Coast of Malaysia”. The Macrotheme Review, 2(3), 46-59.
Sahebalzamani, M., Farahani, H., Abasi, R., & Talebi, M. (2013). “The relationship between spiritual intelligence with psychological well-being and purpose in life of nurses”. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research,18(1), 38-41.
Singh, M. P. & Sinha, J. (2013). “Impact of spiritual intelligence on quality of life”. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(5), 1-5.
Sonnentag, S. & Frese, M. (2002). Performance concept and performance theory. In S. Sonnentag (Ed.), Psychological Management of Individual Performance (pp. 3-26). West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Sood, S., Bakhshi, A., & Gupta, R. (2012). “Relationship between personality traits, spiritual intelligence and well being in university students”. Journal of Education and Practice, 3(10), 55-59.
Stenberg, R. J. (2000). The Concept of Intelligence, In R. J. Stenberg (Ed.), Handbook of Intelligence (pp. 3-15). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Suliman, A. M. (2001). “Work performance: Is it one thing or many things? The multidimensionality of performance in a Middle Eastern context”. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 12(6), 1049-1061.
Van Scotter, J. R., & Motowidlo, S. J. (1996). “Interpersonal facilitation and job dedication as separate facets of contextual performance”. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81, 525–531.
Vaughan, F. (2002). “What is spiritual intelligence?”. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 42(2), 16-33.
Venkatapathy, R., & Anbugeetha, D. (2012). “Spiritual intelligence–The importance in the work place”. International Journal of Management and Computing Sciences (IJMCS), 2(3), 39-47.
Walters, J. M., & Gardner, H. (1986). The theory of multiple intelligences: Some issues and answers. In R. J. Sternberg & R.K. Wagner (Eds.), Practical Intelligence (pp. 163–182). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Whitaker, B. G., Dahling, J. J., & Levy, P. (2007). “The development of a feedback environment and role clarity model of job performance”. Journal of Management, 33(4), 570-591.
Wigglesworth, C.. (2012). The twenty one skills of spiritual intelligence. New York: SelectBooks, Inc,.
Wolman, R.N. (2001). Thinking with your Soul: Spiritual intelligence and why it matters. New York: Harmony Books.
Yang, K. P., & Mao, X. Y. (2007). “A study of nurses’ spiritual intelligence: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey”. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44(6), 999-1010.
Zohar, D. & Marshall, I. (2000). Spiritual intelligence: The ultimate intelligence. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com