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FRANCE AND EUROPEAN INTEGRATION: AN UNEASY RELATIONSHIP

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Abstract (2. Language): 
This study attempts to identify France’s cumbersome relationship with the European integration from the beginning to present. The emphasis in the study is on France’s role in the European integration process, the meanings, as well as the impacts of this process on French domestic politics. Although France has taken an active role in the European integration process, it is argued in the article that she had to keep a fragile balance between further integration and national sovereignty. French understandings of Turkey’s possible adhesion to the EU are firmly related with the complex relationship of France with the European construction, and the traditional concerns with keeping such a fragile balance.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışma başlangıcından günümüze Fransa’nın Avrupa bütünleşmesine yaklaşımlarınıincelemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Çalışmada öncelikle Fransa’nın Avrupa bütünleşmesindeki rolü ve ‘Avrupa’ fikrinin Fransız milli kimliğinin İkinci Dünya Savaşısonrasında yeniden oluşturulmasındaki önemi ele alınacaktır. Çalışmada ayrıca Avrupa bütünleşmesi sürecinde Fransa’nın izlediği politikalar ve bütünleşme sürecinin Fransız siyaseti üzerindeki etkileri de ele alınmaktadır. Fransa’nın Avrupa Birliği’nin inşasısürecinde oynadığıönemli role karşın Fransa- Avrupa bütünleşmesi ilişkileri hiç de kolay olmamıştır. Fransa başlangıcından günümüze daha ileri düzeyde entegrasyon ile ulusal egemenlik devrinin sınırlandırılması arasında kırılgan bir denge oluşturmaya çabalamıştır. Şüphesiz, söz konusu dengeyi koruma konusundaki geleneksel kaygılar ve Fransa’nın ‘Avrupa’ algılamalarıTürkiye’nin Avrupa Birliği üyeliğine yönelik Fransız karşıtlığınıbelirleyen önemli unsurlar arasındadır.

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