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SECURITY POLICY OF TURKEY AND RUSSIA IN THE BLACK SEA BASIN

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The Black Sea which had seen the struggle between the two blocks during the Cold War era, has later been an area of multilateral cooperation and conflict after the Cold War period. Black Sea that takes over by its security dimension after Russia's leaving her policy of being indifferent to her "Near Abroad", which was the followed policy immediately after the collapse of the Soviet Union, has also been discussed by time at the international level in the field of energy. In this article, the importance of the Black Sea region, position of Russia in the post Cold War era, global change in the Black Sea region, regional security, Turkey and Russia and the U.S. regional policies, interests, and with this aspect Turkey and Russia's goals and the new strategies are analyzed.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Soğuk Savaş döneminde iki blok arasında mücadeleye sahne olan Karadeniz, Soğuk Savaş dönemi sonrasında çok taraflı bir çekişme ve işbirliği sahası olmuştur. Rusya'nın, Sovyetler Birliği'nin dağılmasından hemen sonra izlediği "Yakın Çevre" ile ilgilenmeme politikasını bırakmasıyla güvenlik boyutuyla ön plana çıkan Karadeniz, zamanla enerji alanında da uluslararası düzeyde tartışılır olmuştur. Bu makalede, Karadeniz Bölgesinin önemi, Soğuk Savaş sonrası dönemde Rusya'nın konumu, Karadeniz bölgesinde küresel değişim, bölgesel güvenlik, Türkiye ile Rusya ve ABD'nin bölge politikaları, çıkarları ve bu bağlamda bu bölgeye yönelik Türkiye ile Rusya'nın hedef ve yeni stratejileri analiz edilmektedir.

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