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Gaskel'in Kuzey ve Güneydeki Victoryan Sınıf Sistemini Sorgulamasi

Gaskell's Questioning Of The Victorian Class System In North And South

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Abstract (2. Language): 
In this article, the Victorian class system will be analysed with reference to Elisabeth Gaskell's North and South. It is a well known fact that in the Victorian age, the class boundaries are very strict. Hence, the examples of social mobility is very rare and nearly impossible. Furthermore, in this age, the gap between the working-class and the middle-class is very wide and this results in protests on the side of the workers. Hence, many workers come together and build trade unions in order to protest the unequal distribution of wealth in the society (see Victorian England and Class and Class Consciousnes). As mentioned above, the Victorian society is a class-conscious society and in this article, Elisabeth Gaskell's reaction as a Victorian towards the Victorian class system (to biased attitudes in her society, which she very successfully reflects) in her novel, namely North and South will be analysed in detail.
Abstract (Original Language): 
İngiltere'deki katı sosyal sınıf sistemi ve bilinci her zaman araştırmacıların ilgi odağı olmuştur. Viktoryan İngiltere'sinde de işçi sınıfı ile burjuvazi sınıfı arasında çok büyük bir uçurum vardı. Bu nedenle, insanların sınıf değiştirme hakkı yok denecek kadar azdı. Ayrıca, gelir dağılımındaki eşitsizlik ve adaletsizlik gene bu dönemde işçi sendikalarının kurularak, işçilerin dengesiz gelir dağılımını protesto etmelerine sebep olmuştur (bakınız Victorian England ve Class and Class Consciousnes). Yukarıda bahsi geçen katı Viktoryan sosyal sınıf sistemi ve katı Viktoryan sosyal sınıf bilinci Elisabeth Gaskell'ın North and South adlı romanında ayrıntılı bir biçimde ustalıkla kaleme alınmıştır. Bu nedenle, bu çalışmada, Elisabeth Gaskell'ın North and South adlı romanından örneklemelerle Viktoryan toplumundaki sınıf sistemi ve sınıf bilinci konusu ele alınarak, Elisabeth Gaskell'ın Viktoryan sınıf sistemine olan tutumu incelenecektir.

REFERENCES

References: 

Primary Sources
Gaskell, Elizabeth (1994). North and South. London: Everyman.
Secondary Sources
Altick, Richard D. (1974). Victorian People and Ideas. London: J. M. Dent&Sons Ltd.
Del Col, Laura. Chadwick's Report on Sanitary Conditions. West Virginia University.
http://www.victorianweb.org/history/chadwick2.html
Yıl:
2
Sayı:
2 Bahar: 2010
15
The Black Sea Journal of Social Sciences
11 October 2002. (29 March 2009)
Knight, Charles. Standards of Living of the Working Classes during the Industrial
Revolution. Population and Development Review, Vol.I No.4 (Dec., 1985) 737-756. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1973462
Morris, R.J. (1979). Class and Class Consciousnes since the Industrial Revolution 1780¬1850. Macmillan: London and Basingstoke. Reader, W.J. (1974). Victorian England. London: B.T. Batsford Ltd. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temperance. (29 March 2009) http://www.the-wood.org/socialism/utopian.htm http:// www.panix.com/~kendra/tea/ workingclass.htm http://www.museums.norfolk.gov.uk/default.asp7document (1 March 2009)
Year:2

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