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BAĞLAMI VE BAĞLAMSALLIĞI PLANLAMAK: ETKİLEŞİMCİ PLANLAMADA YENİ BİR ÇÖZÜMLEMEYE DOĞRU

PLANNING AS/AND/IN CONTEXT: TOWARDS A NEW ANALYSIS OF CONTEXT IN INTERACTIVE PLANNING

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Abstract (2. Language): 
In this paper (1), we propose a revisiting of the concept of context in spatial planning, especially in the analysis of the rapidly growing sector of interactive, collaborative, communicative planning. In interactive planning projects, different stakeholders with different backgrounds, interests, negotiate a plan for an area. Communication, interpretation, and therefore the concept of context, as everything outside the actual communication that influences its meaning, become correspondingly more central to planning theory and practice. We briefly analyze the refinement of context- analysis in post- structuralist interpretation theory, and next introduce key concepts from Niklas Luhmann’s social systems theory. After a brief expose on the emergence of interactive planning approaches, and a critique of modernist versions of interactive planning, we use the concepts derived from Luhmann and the post-structuralists to analyze the construction of context in interactive planning, and to analyze the planning process as a context in itself. Luhmann’s complex typology of social systems and their specific modes of self-reproduction, adds greatly to the insight in the complexities of context- construction, in the separations and dependencies of the various little worlds that participate in an interactive planning process. It is argued that modernist conceptions of space and planning led to a lacking insight in real-life planning processes, and to context- insensitive plans. A reinvigorated analysis of context is proposed, as a way to increase the awareness of the realities of context-construction, and consequently to open up the possibilities for a more equitable and a more context- sensitive planning.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu yazıda, mekan planlamasında bağlam kavramını yeniden gündeme getirerek, hızla büyümekte olan etkileşimci (interactive), işbirlikçi (collaborative), iletişimci (communicative) planlama yönelişlerindeki çözümleyici yaklaşımlar tartışılmaktadır. Etkileşimci planlama projelerinde farklı birikimi ve ilgisi olan paydaşlar, bir alanı planlamak için fakir alışverişinde bulunurlar. İletişim, yorumlama ve dolayısıyla hem bağlamın kavramsallaştırılması hem de onun anlamını etkileyen gerçekil iletişim, planlama kuramı ve pratiği açısından merkeze oturmaktadır. Bu yazıda bağlam çözümlemesi (bağlamsal-çözümleme) tartışması. art-yapısalcı yorumlama kuramı açısından inceltilmekte ve ardından Niklas Luhman’ın toplumsal dizge kuramına uygun anahtar kavramlar geliştirilmektedir. Etkileşimci planlama yaklaşımlarına kısa bir açılım yapılarak etkileşimci planlamanın modernci çeşitleri eleştirilmekte, Luhman’dan ve artyapısalcılardan çıkarsanan kavramlarla etkileşimci planlamada bağlamın kurulumu ve bir bağlam olarak planlama sürecinin kendisi çözümlenerek incelenmektedir. Luhman’ın toplumsal dizgeler üzerine karmaşık tipolojisi ve kendilerini yeniden üretme süreçlerine ilişkin modellemeleri, bağlam kurmanın karmaşıklığının anlaşılmasına, etkileşimci planlama sürecine katkı ve katılımda bulunan küçük dünyaların ayrımlaşmasının ve karşılıklı bağımlılıklarının anlaşılmasında yararlı olmaktadır. Modernci mekan ve planlama kavrayışlarının gerçekil planlama süreçlerine yakından bakmayı zorlaştırdığı ve bağlama duyarsız planlara yol açtığı savlanmaktadır. Bağlam kurulumunun gerçekliği konusunda uyanıklık sağlamak açısından yeniden canlandırılmış bir bağlam tartışması önerilmekte, sonuçta daha eşitlikçi ve daha bağlam-duyarlı planlama olasılıklarının bu yolla elde edilebileceği savunulmaktadır..

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