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GİRESUN–ORDU KARAYOLUNDA TAŞIT TRAFİĞİNİN SEBEP OLDUĞU KURŞUN (Pb) KİRLİLİĞİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI

THE INVESTIGATION OF LEAD (Pb) POLLUTION CAUSED BY VEHICLE TRAFFIC ON THE GIRESUN–ORDU ROAD

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The aim of this study is investigated the levels of lead pollution in Peltigera praetextata (Sommerf.) Zopf. lichen species hanged all the way 40 km highway situated between Giresun and Ordu provinces. The samples were hanged to total 8 stations situated 100 meter inside from the road and the roadside with 10 km distances. In each station, the lichen samples were collected at the end of 45 days. The amounts of lead (Pb) in the samples were determined with Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES). The results showed that there were statistically significant differences in the amounts of lead measured in all the stations when compared with the control group (P<0,05). Besides, lead pollution in the samples collected from the stations situated nearby of the Giresun and Ordu provinces is higher according to the other stations. These results showed that P. praetextata species will be used as a biological indicator to determine of lead pollution.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmanın amacı, Giresun ve Ordu illeri arasında uzanan 40 km’lik karayolu boyunca asılan Peltigera praetextata (Sommerf.) Zopf. liken türünde kurşun kirliliğinin seviyelerini araştırmaktır. Örnekler, 10 km aralıklarla yol kenarına ve yoldan 100 metre içeride yer alan toplam 8 istasyona asıldı. Her bir istasyondaki liken örnekleri 45. günün sonunda toplandı. Örneklerdeki kurşun miktarları İndüktif Eşleşmiş Plazma Optik Emisyon Spektrometresi (ICP-OES) ile belirlendi. Sonuçlar, kontrol grubu ile karşılaştırıldığında tüm istasyonlarda ölçülen kurşun miktarlarında istatistiksel olarak önemli farklar olduğu görüldü (P<0,05). Ayrıca, Giresun ve Ordu illerinin yakınında yer alan istasyonlardan toplanan örneklerdeki kurşun kirliliği, diğer istasyonlara göre daha yüksektir. Bu sonuçlar, P. praetextata türünün kurşun kirliliğinin belirlenmesi için biyolojik bir belirteç olarak kullanılabileceğini göstermektedir.

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