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PLANTATION NOSTALGIA: IMMIGRATION, LABOR, CASINO INDUSTRY, AND HISTORICAL TRAUMA IN CYNTHIA SHEARER’S THE CELESTIAL JUKEBOX

SÖMÜRGE ÇİFTLİĞİ NOSTALJİSİ: CYNTHIA SHEARER’IN THE CELESTIAL JUKEBOX ADLI ESERİNDE GÖÇ, EMEK, KUMARHANE İŞLETMESİ VE TARİHSEL TRAVMA

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DOI: 
http://dx.doi.org/10.21497/sefad.328408

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Recently, scholars have devoted considerable attention to the study of labor in literature, and specifically in the literature of the U.S. South due to the region’s global connections and complicated history. These studies have given insights into material conditions and exploitation of labor in southern spaces. The South has been an exception to the American experience with its exceptional history of labor, as the region has attracted many immigrants to a labor force that shaped and continues to shape the racial, social, and economic relations in the region. Immigration and immigrant labor are some of the most controversial and popular discussion topics among mass media, politicians, and scholars today. These discussions are not region specific; yet due to its historical background, geographical location, and reconstructing plantation as a living memory, the U.S. South has a profound role in labor and immigration debates as one of the most prominent regions with deep-rooted global connections. Cynthia Shearer in her novel The Celestial Jukebox (2005) problematizes and challenges the idea of labor exploitation through historical contexts and tends to portray immigrants within the framework of cultural diversity and richness with liberal ideas of multiculturalism that acknowledge cultural differences contributing to the cultural diversity of the region. In this vein, this paper attempts to discuss the current condition of global capitalism, casino industry, immigrant labor, the role of historically rooted labor exploitation, and labor trauma in Cynthia Shearer’s The Celestial Jukebox.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Son zamanlarda araştırmacılar edebiyatta göçmen işçi sorunsalına, özellikle de ABD Güney edebiyatında, oldukça yoğun bir ilgi göstermişlerdir. Bu çalışmalar Güney edebiyatında işçi sömürüsü ve iş şartları konusunda yoğunlaşmıştır. ABD’nin güney bölgesi Amerikan tecrübesinde emek ve işçi tarihi açısından bir istisna oluşturmaktadır çünkü bölge çok sayıda göçmen çekmekte ve bu göçmenler bölgenin ırk, sosyal ve ekonomik ilişkilerini değiştirmiş ve değiştirmeye devam etmektedir. Bugün göçmenler ve göçmen işçi sorunu popüler medyada, politikacılar ve bilim insanları arasında en tartışmalı konular arasında yer almaktadır. Bu tartışmalar sadece bu bölgeye özgün değildir ancak tarihi geçmişi, coğrafi konumu ve köleliği yaşayan bir anı olarak yeniden canlandırma arzusu nedeniyle, Güney, küresel bağlantıları göz önünde bulundurulunca, iş ve göçmen işçi tartışmalarında çok önemli bir yer teşkil etmektedir. The Celestial Jukebox (2005) adlı eserinde, Güneyli yazar Cynthia Shearer tarihsel süreciyle bağlantılı olarak işçi sömürüsünü eleştirmekte ve göçmenleri ülkeye zenginlik katacak kültürel çeşitlilik unsuru olarak görme eğilimindedir. Bu bağlamda, bu makalede Shearer’ın The Celestial Jukebox adlı eserinde mevcut evrensel kapitalizmin, kölelik ekonomisini sürdürme eğiliminde olan kumarhane işletmesinin, tarihi geçmişi olan emek sömürüsününün ve iş travmasının incelenmesi hedeflenmektedir.

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