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Girişimcilik ve Ekonomik Büyüme İlişkisi: Türkiye Örneği

The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth: The Case of Turkey

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Abstract (2. Language): 
In recent years, it’s seen that theoretical and empirical literature on the relationship between entrepreneurship and economic growth has developed. Entrepreneurship can lead to growth of income and welfare development by accelerating the creation, dissemination and acceptance of new ideas, activating economic resources via new firm establishments, creating new employment areas, contributing to productivity growth through innovative practices. This study, which suggests that entrepreneurship plays a key role in the explanation of economic growth, shows that entrepreneurship (self employed) has a positive and statistically significant effect on economic growth in the case of Turkey according to Johansen Cointegration test results based on VAR analysis.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Son yıllarda girişimcilik ile ekonomik büyüme ilişkisi üzerine teorik ve amripik literatürün geliştiği görülmektedir. Girişimcilik yeni fikirlerin yaratılması, yayılması ve kabulünü hızlandırarak, yeni firma kurulumlarıyla ekonomik kaynakları harekete geçirerek, yeni istihdam alanları yaratarak, yenilikçi uygulamalarla verimlilik artışına katkı sağlayarak gelir ve refah artışına yol açabilmektedir. Ekonomik büyümenin açıklanmasında girişimciliğin temel bir rol üstlendiğini ileri süren bu çalışma, VAR analizine dayalı Johansen Eşbütünleşme testi sonuçlarına göre, Türkiye ekonomisi örneğinde girişimciliğin (serbest meslek sahibi) ekonomik büyümeyi pozitif ve istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir şekilde etkilediğini göstermektedir.

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