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KURUMSAL YÖNETİM UYGULAMALARININ BANKA ETKİNLİĞİ ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİSİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ

THE IMPACT OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE PRACTICES ON BANK EFFICIENCY: A CASE OF TURKEY

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Abstract (2. Language): 
This study investigates the relationship between corporate governance and the efficiency of Turkish banks. We use a sample of 10Turkish depository banks listed in Borsa Istanbul covering the ten year period 2005-2015.Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) has been used in examining the efficiency levels of the sampled Turkish banks and panel regression analysis was used for finding out whether there is an effect of corporate governance on bank efficiency. The results have shown that free float rate and board independence have a negative and significant impact on the efficiency of the banks. As for the other variables; it is seen that major shareholder, number of committees and board size have positive and significant relationship with the bank efficiency. Finally the results have shown that there is no statistically significant relationship between institutional ownership and bank efficiency.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmada Türkiye’de faaliyet gösteren halka açık mevduat bankalarındaki kurumsal yönetim uygulamaları ile etkinlik arasındaki ilişki incelenmiştir. 2005-2015 dönem aralığında Borsa Istanbul ’da işlem gören on mevduat bankası değerlendirmeye alınmıştır. Ele alınan bankaların etkinlik skorlarını belirlemede Veri Zarflama Analizi (VZA) yönteminden yararlanılmış, etkinlik ile kurumsal yönetim arasındaki ilişkinin belirlenmesinde ise panel veri analizi yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Analiz sonucu elde edilen bulgular; halka açıklık oranı ve bağımsız yönetim kurulu üye sayısının bankaların etkinliği üzerinde negatif ve anlamlı bir etkiye sahip olduğunu gösterirken; en büyük hissedarın sermaye payı, komite sayısı ve yönetim kurulu büyüklüğü değişkenlerinin etkinlik üzerinde pozitif ve anlamlı bir etkiye sahip olduğunu göstermiştir. Son olarak ise; kurumsal yönetim değişkenlerinden kurumsal sermaye sahipliğinin banka etkinliği üzerinde herhangi bir etkiye sahip olmadığı sonucu elde edilmiştir.

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