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MERAM TIP FAKÜLTESİ ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN ÖZANLAYIŞLARINA KARŞIN YALNIZLIK, UMUTSUZLUK VE ANKSİYETE DÜZEYLERİ

Medical Students’ Loneliness, Hopelessness and Anxiety Against Their Self Compassion in Meram Faculty of Medicine

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Background, Objective: One of the meanings of “compassion” is having nonjudgmental understanding for people making mistakes. Self compassion is similarly ones accepting of own self with mistakes. Compassion and self compassion can be affected by loneliness, anxiety and hopelessness. The irony of physicians’ is at the point of the claim of being a healer and knowing that death can’t be stopped. This main conflict puts a physician in stress from the beginning of medical education and self compassion helps them to protect their psychological unity. The aim of this study was to describe loneliness, state-trait anxiety and hopelessness levels of preclinical medical students and analyze the correlation of them with self-compassion. Subjects, Methods: At least reaching to one third of 582 medical students in preclinical years aimed. For this correlation study an anonymous questionnaire consisting of socio demographic questions, UCLA Loneliness Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale and Self Compassion Scale was applied, voluntarily to all students. Results: The mean age of the students were 19.80±1.24 years (range: 17-25 years) and approximately half of them were living in a dormitory (n=94, 49.0%). Just 15.3% of them (n=29) were not satisfied with the city and just 3.1% of them (n=6) were not satisfied with the career they choose. The UCLA, STAI-I, STAI-II, BECK Hopelessness and Self Compassion Scale scores of the study group were 33.19±9.47, 38.77±9.31, 43.35±8.27, 4.32±3.94 and 75.47±12.38, respectively. Loneliness, statetrait anxiety and the hopelessness level of the students who weren’t satisfied with the career selection were significantly higher (p<0.05). While loneliness, state and trait anxiety and hopelessness were in a positive correlation, selfcompassion was in a negative correlation with all of them. Conclusion: Self-compassion may be a coping tool against the stressors at various stages of the medical profession and comes before compassion to others, especially patients. Claims about helping others cannot be so realistic without helping own self.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Giriş, Amaç: “Anlama”nın anlamlarından biri, hata yapan insanları yargılamamak, insanların hatalar yapabileceklerini kabul etmektir. Özanlayış da benzer şekilde kişinin kendini hatalarıyla kabuludür. Anlayış ve Özanlayış yalnızlık, kaygı ve umutsuzluk durumlarından etkilenebilmektedir. Hekimlerin ironisi şifacı olmak iddiası ile ölümü durdurmanın mümkün olmadığını bilmenin arasındaki noktadır. Bu ana çatışma tıp eğitiminin başlangıcından itibaren hekimleri strese sokar ve özanlayış bu noktada hekimin duygusal bütünlüğünü koruyabilmesi için çok önemlidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, klinik öncesi tıp öğrencilerinin yalnızlık, durumluk ve sürekli kaygı ve umutsuzluk düzeylerini tanımlamak ve bunları özanlayış ile ilişkisini analiz etmektir. Yöntem: Bu korelasyon araştırmasında, sosyo-demografik bilgi soruları, UCLA Yalnızlık Ölçeği, Durumluk-Sürekli Kaygı Envanteri, Beck Umutsuzluk Ölçeği ve Öz Anlayış Ölçeğini içeren anket preklinik dönemdeki toplam 582 öğrenciden en az üçte birine ulaşılması hedeflenerek tüm öğrencilere gönüllülüğe dayalı olarak uygulanmıştır.Bulgular: Öğrencilerin yaş ortalaması (range: 17-25 yaş) 19.80 ± 1.24 yıldı ve yaklaşık yarısı yurtta (n = 94 , %49,0 ) yaşıyordu. Çalışmadaki öğrencilerin sadece % 15,3’ü (n=29) şehirden ve %3,1’i (n=6) seçtikleri kariyerden memnun değildi. Çalışma grubunun UCLA, STAI - I, STAI - II, Beck Umutsuzluk ve Öz Anlayış puanları sırasıyla, 33,19±9,47, 38,77±9,31, 43,35±8,27, 4,32±3,94 ve 75,47±12,38 olarak belirlendi. Kariyer seçiminden memnun olmayan öğrencilerin yalnızlık, durumluk ve sürekli kaygı ile umutsuzluk ölçekleri puanları anlamlı olarak daha yüksek bulundu (p< 0.05). Yalnızlık, durumluk ve sürekli kaygı ile umutsuzluk pozitif korelasyon içinde iken, öz-anlayış ile diğer hepsi arasında negatif korelasyon vardı. Sonuç: Öz anlayış tıp mesleğinin çeşitli aşamalarındaki stres faktörlerine karşı başa çıkma aracı olabilir ve başkalarına özellikle de hastalara anlayıştan önce gelir. Kendine yardım etmeden başkalarına yardım iddiası çok gerçekçi değildir.

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