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Çukurova Üniversitesi Öğrencilerinde Psikiyatrik Belirti Taraması

PSYCHIATRIC SYMPTOMS OF STUDENTS IN ÇUKUROVA UNIVERSITY

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Objective: Adolescence, like childhood and senility is a special period of life. The aim of this study was to screen the first year students of Çukurova University for psychiatric symptoms using Symptom Check List-90-R questionnaire. Materials and Methods: A sample of 468 representing 1803 first year university students at Çukurova University was screened for psychiatric symptoms using the SCL-90-R. Results: The response rate was 86% (n=403); 40.6% of the students were female and 59.4% were male. The first three symptoms were obsessive-compulsive symptoms (%61.2), paranoid ideas (%55.1), and sensitivity in interpersonal relations (%50.6). There was statistically significant relationship between Global Severity Index and student's residence area, mother's occupation, alcohol consumption, and smoking behavior of the student. Gender, place of living, occupation of mother, educational status of father, smoking behavior, and alcohol consumption of the stu¬dent were found to be significantly related to most of the subindexes. Conclusion: University students show many psychiatric symptoms, especially, for obsessive-compulsive symptoms, sensitivity in interpersonal relationships, and paranoid ideas. The use of tests such as SCL-90-R may facilitate the detection of the students with psychiatric disorders.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Amaç: Ergenlik dönemi, çocukluk ve yaşlılık dönemleri gibi özellik arz eden bir dönemdir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Çukurova Üniversitesi öğrencilerinin psikolojik belirtilerinin Belirti Tarama Listesi-90-R (SCL-90-R) ölçeği ile araştırılmasıdır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Çukurova Üniversitesi'nde öğrenim gören 1803 birinci sınıf öğrencisini temsilen seçilen 468 öğrenciye SCL-90-R ve sosyodemografik anket uygulandı. Bulgular: Cevap oranı %86 idi (n=403). Bunların %40.6'sı kadın, %59.4'ü erkekti. En sık rastlanan üç belirti obsesif-kompülsif belirtiler (%61.2), paranoid düşünceler (%55.1), kişilerarası duyarlılıktı (%50.6). Global ciddiyet indeksi (GSİ) ile öğrencinin yaşadığı yer, annesinin mesleği, öğrencinin alkol ve sigara alışkanlığı arasında anlamlı ilişki vardı(<0.05). Öğrencinin cinsiyeti, yaşadığı yer, anne mesleği, baba eğitimi, sigara ve alkol alışkanlıklarının alt indekslerden çoğu arasında anlamlı ilişki bulundu. Sonuç: Üniversite öğrencilerinde, obsesif-kompülsif belirtiler, kişilerarası ilişkilerde duyarlılık, paranoid düşünceler başta olmak üzere birçok psikiyatrik belirti görülmektedir. SCL-90-R gibi anket¬lerin kullanımı ruhsal sıkıntısı olan öğrencilerin saptanmasını kolaylaştırabilir.

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