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Büyüme gelişme izleminde kullanılan antropometrik ölçüm yöntemleri: Büyüme takibinin metodolojisi

The anthropometric measuring methods for monitoring growth and development: the methodology of growth follow-up

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DOI: 
doi:10.2399/tahd.11.101

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The linear but period specific character of physical growth during the first 18 years of life requires age and gender specific references. The most practical and useful of these references may be anthropometric measurements. Certain clinical situations like being over¬weight and obesity and projections of these situations as metabolic and cardiovascular diseases are screened and cured by using anthropometric measurements and indexes derived from these results. There was limited number of anthropometric measurements to evaluate the overweight and obese, but in the last a multitude of reports several reports were published related to the significance of relative¬ly new measures which describes the body composition more pre¬cisely when used with the previous measurements. While evaluating the precursors of severe chronic diseases certain reliable measures and interpretation of these measures are quite significant in clinical decision making. In this paper we will try to describe the methodology of interpreting anthropometric measurements for both screen¬ing and clinical follow-up.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Fiziksel büyümenin 0-18 yaş arasındaki doğrusal ancak döneme özgü özelliği yaş ve cinsiyete özgü referanslara ihtiyaç doğurur. Bu referanslardan en kullanışlı ve yararlı olanı antropometrik ölçümlerdir. Kilo fazlalığı ve obezite metabolik ve kardiyovasküler hasta¬lıkları etkiler. Bu klinik durumlar antropometrik ölçümler ve bu öl¬çümlerden üretilecek ölçeklerle taranabilir ve tedavi edilebilir. Kilo fazlasını ve obeziteyi değerlendiren sınırlı sayıdaki yayın son 10 yıl¬da artmış, ölçümlerle birlikte kullanıldığında beden yapısını daha kesin tanımlayabilecek, nispeten yeni metodlar tanımlanmıştır. Kli¬nik karar verme sürecinde, ciddi kronik hastalıkların öncüllerinin tanımlanmasında, güvenilir belirli ölçümlerin yapılmasının yanı sıra bu ölçümlerin yorumlanması oldukça önemlidir. Bu makale, tara¬ma ve klinik izlem için antropometrik ölçümlerin yorumlanmasın¬da kullanılan metodolojiyi tarif etmektedir.

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