You are here

Bireyleri rekreasyonel egzersize güdüleyen faktörlerin belirlenmesi: Demografik farklılıklar

Examination of recreational motives of individuals: Demographic differences

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Keywords (Original Language):

Abstract (2. Language): 
The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the motivational factors that motivate individuals to the recreational exercise participation with regard to demographic variables. 302 male (55,1%) and 246 female (44,9%) with a total of 548 recreational exercise participants from 9 health and fitness centers, in Ankara, participated voluntarily to this study. “Recreational Exercise Motivation Measure” was used as means of data collection instrument. Independent Samples t-test was used to examine the mean differences with regard to gender and marital status considering 5 subscales. The results of independent samples t-test indicated that, there was a significant mean difference between males and females in “health” and status” (p<0,05). Results of the ANOVA analyses demonstrated statistically mean differences with “competition” subscales (p<0,05). Furthermore, there was a significant mean difference in 4 subscales except “health” with the effect of “marital regard to age (p<0,05). (competition, body shape/appearance), education (health) (p<0,05), As a result of this study, “health”, “skill development” and ”body shape/appearance” were found to be the top three factors which motivate individuals to participate recreational exercise.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmanın amacı, sağlık-spor merkezlerinde rekreasyonel egzersize katılan bireyleri bu etkinliklere güdüleyen faktörlerin belirlenmesi ve katılım nedenlerinin bazı demografik değişkenlere göre karşılaştırılmasıdır. Çalışmaya Ankara İlinde rekreasyonel amaçlı hizmet veren 9 farklı sağlık-spor merkezlerinde egzersiz yapan 302 erkek (%55,1) ve 246 kadın (%44,9) olmak üzere toplam 548 kişi gönüllü olarak katılmıştır. Çalışmada veri toplama aracı olarak 5 alt boyut ve toplam 66 maddeden oluşan “Egzersize Güdülenme Anketi” kullanılmıştır. Araştırmada kullanılan anketin 5 alt boyutunda rekreasyonel egzersiz katılımcılarının, cinsiyet ve medeni hale göre farklılığı test etmek için yapılan independent samples t-test analizi sonuçlarına göre; cinsiyete göre “sağlık” ve “rekabet” alt boyutlarında (p<0,05), medeni hale göre ise, “sağlık” alt boyutu hariç diğer 4 alt boyutta (p<0,05), anlamlı farklılıklar olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Ayrıca, yapılan ANOVA sonuçlarına göre ise yaş (rekabet ve vücut ve dış görünüm),eğitim durumuna göre (sağlık), istatistiksel olarak anlamlı farklılıklar olduğu tespit edilmiştir (p<0,05). Sonuç olarak, “sağlık”, “beceri gelişimi”, “vücut ve dış görünüm” faktörlerinin bireyleri rekreasyonel egzersize güdülemede ilk 3 sırayı aldığı tespit edilmiştir.

REFERENCES

References: 

Arıkan, A.N., Göktaş, Z. & Yıldıran, İ. (2004). Farklı branşlardaki spor seyircilerinin spor ortamına
ilişkin görüşleri. Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, 12(2): 551-560.
Ashford, B., Biddle, S. & Goudas, M. (1993). Participation in community sport centres: motives
and predictors of enjoyment. Journal of Sport Science, 11(3): 249-256.
Barber, H., Sukhi, H., White, S.A. (1999). The influence of parent-coaches on, participant
motivation and competitive anxiety in youth sport participants. Journal of Sport Behavior, 22(2):
162-180.
Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2003). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabi: istatistik, araştirma deseni (SPSS
uygulamalari) ve yorum. 3. Baskı. Ankara: Pegem A Yayıncılık.
Carrol, B. & Alexandris, K. (1997). Perceptions of motivations and strength motivation: their relationship to
recreational sport participation in Greece. Journal of Leisure Research, 29(3): 279-299.
Çağlar, E., Aşçı, H.F. & Deliceoğlu, G. (2005). “Does participation motivation of youth soccer
players change with regard to their perceived ability?”, Proceeding 46th ICHPER-SD
Anniversary World Congress (9-13 November), İstanbul: 270-271
Droomers, M., Schrijvers, C.T.M. & Mackenbach, J.P. (2001). Educational level and decreases in
leisure time physical activity: predictors from the longitudinal GLOBE study. Journal of
Epidemiol Community Health, 55(8): 562-568.
Gürbüz, B., Aşçı, F.H. & Çelebi, M. (2006). The reliability and validity of the Turkish Version of
the recreational exercise motivation measure. The 9th International Sports Sciences Congress (3-5
November), Congress Proceedings. Muğla: 1044.
Hamer, M., Karageorghis, S.P. & Vlachopoulos, S.P. (2002). Motives for exercise participation as
predictors of exercise dependence among endurance athletes. Journal of Sport Medicine and
Physical Fitness, 42(2), 233-239.
Henderson, K.A. & Ainsworth, B.E., (2002). Enjoyment: A link to physical activity, leisure, and
health. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 20(4): 130-146.
Jones, G.W., Mackay, K.S. & Peters, D.M. (2006). Participation motivation in martial artists in the
West Midlands Region of England. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, Combat Sport
Special Issue. 28-34.
Koivula, N. (1999). Sport participation: differences in motivation and actual participation due to
gender typing. Journal of Sport Behavior, 22(3): 360-380.
Plonczynski, D.J. (2000). Measurement of motivation for exercise. Health Education Research, 15(6):
695-705.
Rhodes, R.E. & Dean, R.N. (2009) Understanding physical inactivity: Prediction of four sedentary
leisure behaviors. Leisure Sciences, 31(2): 124-135.
Rogers, H. & Morris, T. (2003). An overview of the development and validation of the recreational
exercise motivation measure (REMM). in Stelter R, editor. New approaches to exercise
and sport psychology: theories, methods and applications. XIth European Congress of Sport
Psychology (22-27 July), Book of Abstracts. Copenhagen: 144.
Güngörmüş, H. A., Yenel, F., & Gürbüz, B. (2014). Bireyleri rekreasyonel egzersize güdüleyen faktörlerin belirlenmesi:
Demografik farklılıklar. International Journal of Human Sciences, 11(1), 373-386. doi: 10.14687/ijhs.v11i1.2165
385
Salguero, A., Gonzalez-Boto, R., Tuero, C. & Marquez, S. (2004). Relationship between perceived
physical ability and sport participation motives in young competitive swimmers. Journal of
Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 44(3): 294-299.
Sit, C.H. & Lindner, K.J. (2006). Situational state balances and participation motivation in youth
sport: a reversal theory perspective. British Journal of Psychology, 76(2): 369-384.
Skawron, M.A., Stodalska, M. & Shinew, K.J. (2008). Determinants of leisure time physical activity
participation among latina women, Leisure Sciences, 30(5): 429-447.
SPSS. (2002). SPSS Base 11.0 for Windows User’s Guide. SPSS Incorporated: Chicago.
Tezcan, M. (1994). Boş zamanlarin değerlendirilmesi sosyolojisi. 4. Baskı. Ankara: Atilla Kitabevi.
Tsai, E.H. (2005). A Cross-cultural study of influence of perceived positive outcome on
participation in regular active recreation: Hong Kong and Australian University Students.
Leisure Sciences, 27(5): 385-404.
Tsai, Y.M. (2005). The study of exercise participation motivation, self-efficacy, perceived exercise barrier and
exercise behavior the study of exercise participation motivation, self-efficacy, perceived exercise barrier and
exercise behavior the study of exercise participation motivation, self-efficacy, perceived exercise barrier and
exercise behavior. Master’s Thesis. Taichung, Taiwan, National Chung Hsing University.
Wirth, L. (2002). Bir yaşam biçimi olarak kentlileşme. 20. Yüzyıl Kenti. Derleyen ve Çeviren: Duru, B. ve
Alkan. A., Ankara: İmge Kitabevi.

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com