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Serbest zamanlarda yapılan fiziksel egzersizin üniversite öğrencilerinin depresyon ve atılganlık düzeylerine etkisi

The effect of recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of university students

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of the university students who had never participated in regular physical exercise before. There were 15 male and 15 female totally 30 students in control group and 15 male and 15 female students in exercise group of research. The students in control group carried on their usual life during the research while the students in exercise group participated in a 8 week exercise program including folk dances and step for an hour 3 times a week. The data collecting materials were the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) for depression scores, and the Rathus Assertiveness Inventory (RAI) for the scores of assertiveness. Both Inventories were applied to the control group for 2 times as first and last measurement (at first week before exercise and last week after exercise) and to the exercise group for 3 times as first, mid and last measurement (at first week before exercise, at eighth week after exercise, and last week after exercise). Mean, frequency, percent, standart deviation, t-test, ANOVA, and Tukey HSD Post Hoc tests scores were given in texts, figures, and tables. The results showed that participation in physical exercise in leisure affects the depression and assertiveness levels of students in both sex positively.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmanın amacı rekreasyonel amaçlı fiziksel egzersizin, daha önce düzenli olarak fiziksel egzersize hiç katılmamış üniversite öğrencilerinin depresyon ve atılganlık düzeylerine etkisinin araştırılmasıdır. Araştırmanın kontrol grubunda 15 kız 15 erkek toplam 30 öğrenci yer alırken, 15 kız 15 erkek toplam 30 öğrenci araştırmanın egzersiz grubunu oluşturmuştur. Araştırmanın kontrol grubunda yer alan öğrenciler araştırma boyunca 8 hafta normal yaşantılarını sürdürmeye devam ederlerken, egzersiz grubunda yer alan katılımcılar step ve halk oyunlarından oluşan 8 haftalık egzersiz programına, haftada 3 gün 1 er saat katılmışlardır. Veri toplama aracı olarak, depresyon puanlarını belirlemek için Beck Depresyon Envanteri (BDE) ve atılganlık puanlarını belirlemek için Rathuss Atılganlık Envanteri (RAE) kullanılmıştır. Her iki envanter kontrol grubuna ilk ve son ölçüm olarak 2 kez uygulanırken, egzersiz grubuna egzersiz programının başladığı ilk hafta, 4. hafta sonunda ve bitirildiği hafta, ilk, orta ve son ölçüm olmak üzere toplam 3 kez uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen verilerin istatistiksel analizi yapılmış, ortalama puan, frekans, yüzde dağılımlar, t-test, varyans analizi ve Tukey HSD sonuçları, metin, grafik ve tablolarla sunulmuştur. Araştırma sonuçları serbest zamanlarda fiziksel egzersize katılımın, öğrencilerin depresyon ve atılganlık düzeylerini her iki cinsiyette de olumlu etkilediğini göstermektedir.



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