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CEMAL ABDÜL NASIR’DAN ABDÜLFETTAH EL-SİSİ’YE; MISIRDAKİ MÜSLÜMAN KARDEŞLERİN VE DEMOKRASİNİN TARİHSEL EVRİMİ

FROM GAMAL ABDEL NASSER TO ABDULFETTAH EL SISI; THE HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD AND DEMOCRACY IN EGYPT

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Abstract (2. Language): 
This thesis analyses the political and ideological transformation of the Society of Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt from its foundation in 1928 up to Sisi period. It draws attention to the political and ideological evolution of the Society of Muslim Brotherhood after it enters to the political life and the conjuncture changes related to the politics. This thesis shows that, when the Muslim brothers hold the power rather than an opposition position within the politics, their dignity has also changed among the Egyptians. Through those social changes, Egyptians found a chance to measure the support that they give to the Muslim Brothers with the second free and fair elections. Thirdly, the approach towards the democracy in post-Morsi period. Lastly, this thesis analyses the critics from the perspective of Rashid Ghannoushi, who is one of the key leaders of moderate Islam today in Tunusia, towards the Radical Islam.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu tez Mısır’da toplumu İslamileştirmek için 1928’de kurulmuş olan Müslüman Kardeşler’in geçirdiği siyasi ve ideolojik değişim ve gelişimi analiz etmektedir. Kurulduğu anda sahip olduğu ideolojinin siyasete karıştıktan sonra ve Mısır’daki siyasi durumun değişmesi ile çeşitli evrimler yaşamış olduğu dikkat çekmiştir. Bu çalışma, Müslüman Kardeşler hareketinin siyaseten egemen hale gelmesi ile iktidara muhalif olan yöndeki itibarının değişmesi ve iktidar konumuna evrimleşmesini incelemektedir. Böylece Mısır tarihinde ikinci defa özgür ve tarafsız seçimlerini gerçekleştiren Mısır halkının; bu harekete olan yaklaşımını da ölçebilme deneyimini elde etmiştir. Üçüncü olarak Morsi sonrası dönem incelenerek, Mısır’ın demokrasiye olan yaklaşımı incelenmiştir. Son olarak bu çalışma, Radikal İslama yönelik ılımlı İslam’ın öncülerinden Raşid Ghannoushi’nin yaptığı eleştrileri incelemektedir.

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