Buradasınız

CEP TELEFONUYLA İNGİLİZCE KELİME ÖĞRENME: MESAJINIZ VAR

LEARNING VOCABULARY VIA CELLPHONES: YOU HAVE AN SMS

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Keywords (Original Language):

Author NameUniversity of AuthorFaculty of Author
Abstract (2. Language): 
This study investigates the use of SMS –a part of Mobile Technology- as a potential of learning vocabulary in English. The study was carried out for a week with 60 students from low SES in Turkey. A control and an experimental group –each consisting of 30 prep class students attending to ELT department at a university- were formed. While the control group was expected to learn the new words by classical techniques, the same words were sent to the experimental group as short messages. Both quantitative data analysis and qualitative survey data show that at the end of the study, there is a significant difference in favor of experimental group. Implications indicate that SMS can be used to teach vocabulary to digital natives providing motivation and promoting the regular study with push effect.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışma, mobil teknolojisinin bir parçası olan SMS’in İngilizce kelime öğrenimindeki yerini araştırmaktadır. Türkiye’de yapılan bu çalışma bir devlet üniversitesindeki gelir seviyesi düşük 60 öğrenci ile bir hafta boyunca yürütüldü. Her biri İngiliz Dili Eğitimi Hazırlık programına devam eden 30 öğrenciyi kapsayan kontrol ve deney grupları oluşturuldu. Kontrol grubunun klasik yöntemlerle yeni kelimeler öğrenmesi beklenirken, deney grubuna yeni kelimeler kısa SMS’lerle gönderildi. Nicel ve nitel olarak yapılan verilerin analizi, deney grubunda anlamlı bir fark olduğunu göstermektedir. Bulgular, SMS’in sayısal vatandaş olarak adlandırılan öğrencilere kelime öğreniminde motivasyon sağladığı, itme etkisi (push) ile düzenli çalışmaya teşvik ettiği ve İngilizce kelime öğretiminde kullanılabileceğini göstermektedir.

REFERENCES

References: 

Alsop, G., Briggs, J., Stone, A., & Tompsett, C. (2002), “M-learning as a Means of Supporting Learners: Tomorrow’s Technologies Are Already Here, How Can We Most Effectively Use Them in The E-learning Age?”, Networked Learning 2002, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on e-Learning in Higher Education and Lifelong Learning, March 2002, Sheffield, USA.
Andrews, R. (2003). “Lrn Welsh by txt msg”, BBC News World Edition. Retrieved August 15, 2009, from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/wales/2798701.stm
Attewell, J., & Savill-Smith, C. (2003). Young People, Mobile Phones and Learning. London: Learning and Skills Development Agency.
Briggs, J. & Stone, A. (2002). “ITZ GD 2 TXT - How To Use SMS Effectively in M-Learning”, European Workshop on Mobile and Contextual Learning, 20-21 June, Birmingham, U.K.
Cheung, S. (2004). Using mobile phone messaging as a response medium in classroom experiments, Social Science Research Network, Retrieved December 13, 2009, from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=605863.
Cobcroft, C., Towers, S., Smith, J. & Burns, A. (2006). Literature Review into Mobile Learning in the University Context. Retrieved September 25, 2008, from http://eprints.qut.edu.au/archive/00004805/01/4805.pdf
Cochrane, T. (2005), “Mobilizing Learning: A Primer for Utilizing Wireless Palm Devices to Facilitate a Collaborative Learning Environment”, Proceedings of ASCILITE 2005. RetrievedDecember 10, 2010, from
http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/brisbane05/proceedings.shtml.
Cohen, A. (2002). “Japan Loves Wireless” PC Magazine, 21-18, (136).
Corlett, D., & Sharples, M. (2004), “Tablet Technology for Informal Collaboration in Higher Education”, Proceedings of MLEARN 2004: Mobile Learning Anytime Everywhere, London, UK.
Cui G. & Wang, W. (2008). “Adopting Cell Phones in EFL Teaching and Learning” Journal of Educational Technology Development and Exchange, 1-1, (69-80).
Çavuş, N. & İbrahim, D. (2009). “M-Learning: An Experiment in Using SMS to Support
Learning New English Language Words” British Journal of Educational Technology, 40-1, (78–91).
Dias, J. (2002a). “Cell Phones in the Classroom: Boon or Bane?” Calling Japan, 10-2, (16–22).
Dias, J. (2002b). “Cell Phones in the Classroom: Boon or Bane?” [Part 2] Calling Japan, 10-3, (8–14).
Divitini, M., Haugalokken, O. K., & Norevik, P.A. (2002), “Improving Communication Through Mobile Technologies: Which Possibilities?”, IEEE International Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education, Växjö, Sweden.
Duke. (2004). iPods Enter Duke Classes. Retrieved December 13, 2010, from
http://cit.duke.edu/ideas/newprofiles/ipod_faculty_articles.do.
Falk, H. (2003). “Electronic Campus” The Electronic Library, 21-1, (63–66).
Faulkner, S. (2004). “Have You Got My Number?” Campus Review, August 18-24, (17-19).
Fotouhi-Ghazvini, F.,Earnshaw, R., Robison, D. & Excell, P. (2009). “The MOBO City: A Mobile Game Package for Technical Language Learning” IJIM, 3-2, (19-24).
Garner, I., Francis,J., & Wales, K. (2002). “An Evaluation of an Implementation of a Short Message System (SMS) to Support Undergraduate Student Learning”, Mlearn 2002, Proceedings of the European Workshop on Mobile and Contextual Learning, June 2002, Birmingham, UK.
Geddes, S. (2004). “Mobile Learning in the 21st Century: Benefit for Learners” The Knowledge Tree, 6. Retrieved December 13, 2009, from
http://flexiblelearning.net.au/knowledgetree/edition06/html/pra_simon_ge....
Godwin-Jones, R. (2005). “Emerging Technology Messaging, Gaming, Peer-to-peer Sharing: Language Learning Strategies & Tools for the Millennial Generation” Language Learning & Technology, 9-1, (17-22).Goh, T., & Hooper, V. (2007). “To TxT or not to TxT: That’s the Puzzle” Journal of Information Technology Education, 6, (441-453).
Gonzales, G., Ilttelson, J., & Krebs, A. (2004). “Mobile Education: On Campus and in the Community”, Proceedings from EDUCAUSE 2004, Denver, CO.
Houser, C. & Thornton, P. (2005). Poodle: A Course Management System for Mobile Phones, (211-215), Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education (WMTE’05), IEEE Computer Society Press.
Houser, C., Thornton, P. & Kluge, D. (2002). “Mobile Learning: Cell Phones and PDAs for Education”, JALTCALL, 18–19 May 2002. Hiroshima Jogakuin University, Hiroshima, Japan.
Houser, C., Thornton, P., Yokoi, S. and Yasuda, T. (2001), Learning on the Move: Vocabulary Study via Mobile Phone e-mail, (1896-1897), (Ed: C. Montgomerie & J. Viteli),
Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications 2001, Chesapeake, VA: AACE.
Kadyte, V. (2004). Learning Can Happen Anywhere: A Mobile System for Language Learning, (73-78), (Ed: J. Attwell & C. Savill-Smith), Learning with Mobile Devices, London: Learning and Skills Development Agency.
Kennedy, C., & Levy, M. (2008). “L’italiano al Telefonino: Using SMS to Support Beginners’ Language Learning” ReCALL Journal, 20-2, (141–161).
Kiernan, P. & Aizawa, K. (2004). “Cell Phone in Task Based Learning: Are Cell Phones Useful in Language Learning Tools?” ReCALL Journal, 16-1, (71-84).
Kukulska-Hulme, A., & Shield, L. (2007). An Overview of Mobile Assisted Language Learning: Can Mobile Devices Support Collaborative Practices in Speaking and Listening? Retrieved May 15 2010, from The Open University, UK: portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1520087
Levy, M. (1997). Computer-assisted Language Learning: Context and Conceptualization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Levy, M. (2003). Effectiveness of CALL technologies: finding the right balance, (1-18),(Ed: R. Donaldson & M. Haggstrom), Changing Language Education Through CALL, Lisse: Swets and Zeitlinger.
Levy, M. (2009). “Technology in Use for Second Language Learning” The Modern Language Journal, 93, (769-782).
Levy, M. & Kennedy, C. (2005). Learning Italian via Mobile SMS, (76-83), (Ed:A. Kukulska-Hulme and J. Traxler), Mobile Learning: A Handbook for Educators and Trainers, London: Taylor and Francis.Lu, M. (2008). “Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phone” Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 24, (515-525).
Lu, J., Chun-Sheng, Y., Chang, L., & Yao, J.E. (2003). “Technology acceptance model for wireless internet” Internet Research: Electronic Networking Applications and Policy, 13-13, (206-222).
Market, C., Sánchez, A., Weber, S., & Tangney, B. (2004). “PLS Turn UR Mobile On”: Short Message Service (SMS) Supporting Interactivity in the Classroom, (491-494), (Ed: Kinshuk, Demetrios G. Sampson and Pedro Isaias), Proceeding of the Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age, Lisbon: International Association for Development of the Information Society.
Market, C., Sánchez, A., Weber, S., & Tangney, B. (2005). “Using Short Message Service (SMS) to Encourage Interactivity in the Classroom” Computers & Education, 46-3, (280-293).
McNicol, T. (2005). “Language E-learning on the move”, Japan Media Review.
Retrieved August 1, 2008, from: http://ojr.org/japan/wireless/1080854640.php
Mellow, P. (2005), “The Media Generation: Maximize Learning by Getting Mobile”, Proceedings of ASCILITE 2005. Retrieved January 12, 2010, from
http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/brisbane05/proceedings.shtml.
Mitchell, A., Heppel, S., & Kadirire, J. (2002). Technology Watch Research Report. Anglia: UltraLab.
Nation, I. S. P. (2001). Learning Vocabulary in Another Language, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Norbrook, H., & Scott, P. (2003). Motivation in Mobile Modern Foreign Language Learning, (50-51), (Ed: J. Attewell, G. Da Bormida, M. Sharples, & C. Savill-Smith), MLEARN 2003: Learning with Mobile Devices, London: Learning and Skills Development Agency.
Perlman, D. (2005). Drexel gives iPod photos to education grads. Retrieved December 13, 2005, from
http://www.dailypennsylvanian.com/vnews/display.v/ART/2005/03/04/42283c0....
Plant, S. (2001). On the Mobile - the effects of mobile telephones on individual and social life, Motorola. Retrieved October 14, 2009 from http://web.archive.org/web/20070127165250/http://www.motorola.com/mot/do...
Savill-Smith, C., & Kent, P. (2003). The Use of Palmtop Computers for Learning: A Review of the Literature. London, UK: Learning and Skills Development Agency.
Sharples, M., Arnedillo-Sánchez, I., Milrad, M.&Vavoula, G. (2006). Mobile Learning: Small Devices, Big Issues, (233-250), (Ed: S. Ludvigsen, N. Balacheff, T. de Jong, A. Lazonder, and S.Barnes), Technology-enhanced Learning: Principles and Products, Dordrecht: Springer.
Shudong, W. & Higgins, M. (2005), “Limitations of mobile Phone Learning”, Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education (WMTE’05), November 28-30,Tokushima, Japan.
Singh, G., Denoue, L., & Das, A. (2004), “Collaborative Note Taking”, Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education (WMTE ’04) (pp. 163-167), JungLi, Taiwan: IEEE Computer Society.
So, S. (2009). “The Development of a SMS-based Teaching and Learning System” Journal of Educational Technology Development and Exchange, 2-1, (113-124).
Sotillo, S.M. (2003). “Pedagogical Advantages of Ubiquitous Computing in a
Wireless Environment” The Technology Source, Retrieved June 16, 2010, from
http://education.korea.ac.kr/innwoo/edu603/Wireless/Pedagogical%20Advantage
s%20of%20Ubiquitous%20Computing%20in%20a%20Wireless%20Environment.htm.
Squire, K., Johnson, K., Holland, W., Nataf, Z., & Klopfer, E. (2002). MIT Games-To-Teach. Design Document for: A Platform For Augmented Reality Gaming. Environmental Detectives. Retrieved March 15, 2008, from
http://cms.mit.edu/games/education/documents/Handheld/Handheld.doc.
Stockwell, G. (2007b). “Vocabulary on the Move: Investigating an Intelligent Mobile Phoned-based Vocabulary Tutor” Computer Assisted Language Learning, 20, (365–383).
Thornton, P. & Houser, C. (2001), “Learning on the Move: Foreign Language Vocabulary via SMS”, ED-Media 2001 Proceedings, pp. 1846-1847. Norfolk, Virginia: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.
Thornton, P., & Houser, C. (2002). M-learning: Learning in Transit, (229–243), (Ed: P. Lewis), The Changing Face of CALL: A Japanese Perspective, Lisse, The Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger.
Thornton, P. & Houser, C. (2005). “Using Mobile Phones in English Education in Japan” Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 21, (217–228).
Traxler, J. (2005). “Defining Mobile Learning”, Proceedings IADIS International Conference Mobile Learning, Malta.
Trifonova, A. & Ronchetti, M. (2003), “Where is Mobile Learning Going?”Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2003, 1794-1801, Chesapeake, VA: AACE. Retrieved from November 23, 2010 from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.57.9615&rep=rep...
Trifanova, A., Knapp, J., Ronchetti, M., & Gamper, J. (2004). Mobile ELDIT: Challenges in theTransitions from an E-learning to an M-learning System (Technical Report # DIT-04-009). Trento, Italy: University of Trento. Accessed 27th August 2010 from: http://eprints.biblio.unitn.it/archive/00000532/01/paper4911.pdf
Wagner, E.D. (2005). “Enabling Mobile Learning” EDUCAUSE Review, 40-3, (40-53).

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com