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Restriction of Legal Transactions Regarding the Family Home in Turkish Law (Article 194 CC)

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The Turkish Civil Code [Türk Medenî Kanunu1, ‘CC’], which is based on the Swiss Civil Code of 1907 [Zivilgesetzbuch, ‘SCC’], came into force in 1926. The SCC and the CC have undergone several amendments, and in 1988 the parts regarding the Family Law and the Law of Inheritance of the SCC were thoroughly amended. The amendments made in the Family Law reflect the fact that equality between the spouses has become the norm; in an increasing percentage of marriages both spouses are working outside, and must be considered as breadwinners on an equal basis, wherefore it can no longer be considered acceptable that the husband should be legally entitled to have sovereignty in the family. The amendments, however, also reflects the fact that in some marriages one spouse may be economically much weaker than the other, and therefore in need of protective measures. In the amendment of the SCC Family Law one of the important novelties was Article 169 SCC, which regulates certain transactions regarding the family home. Inspired by the SCC, the CC was amended in 20022. The Turkish regulation of certain transactions regarding the family home is found for example in Article 194 CC that corresponds to Article 169 SCC.

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