Buradasınız

Sermaye Malı İthalatının İşgücü Verimliliğine Etkisi: Panel Veri Analizi

The Effect of Imports of Capital Goods on Labor Productivity

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Keywords (Original Language):

Abstract (2. Language): 
In this study which analyzes the effect of imports of capital goods on labor productivity, unbalanced panel data of 84 developing countries have been used. The study tests the hypothesis of imports of capital goods, and its positive affects to the workforce productivity. As a result of the analysis it is concluded that imports of capital goods positively affect labor productivity.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Gelişmekte olan ülkelerde sermaye malları ithalatının işgücü verimliliği üzerinde meydana getirdiği etkinin incelendiği bu çalışmada, 84 gelişmekte olan ülkenin 1998- 2009 yılı dengesiz panel verileri kullanılmıştır. Çalışma, bir ülkedeki çalışan kesimin verimliliğinin arttırılmasında sermaye malı ithalatının pozitif etkisinin olduğu hipotezini test etmektedir. Yapılan analizle sermaye malı ithalatının işgücü verimliliğini olumlu yönde etkilediği sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.

REFERENCES

References: 

Amiti, M., ve J. Konings. (2007). “Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and
Productivity: Evidence from Indonesia” American Economic Review,
97(5), 1611–1638.
Amsden, A. (1989). Asia’s Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrializadon, New
York: Oxford University Press,
Awokuse, T.O. (2008). “Trade Openness and Economic Growth: is Growth Export-Led or
Import-Led?”, Applied Economics, 40(2), 161-73.
Caselli F., ve D.J. Wilson. (2004). “Importing Technology”, Journal of Monetary
Economics, 51, 1–32.
Coe, D. T. ve E. Helpman. (1995) “International R&D Spillovers” European Economic
Review, 39(5), 859-887.
Coe, D.T., E.Helpman, A.W. Hoffmaister. (1997). “North-South R & D Spillovers”, The
Economic Journal, 107(440) ,January, 134-149.
Choi, K. (1983). Theories of Comparative Economic Growth, Iowa: Iowa State University
Pres.
Chuang, Y.C. (2002) “The Trade-Induved Learning Effect on Growth: Cross-Country
Evidence” Journal of Development Studies, 39 (2), 137-154.
Conference Board Total Economy Database, Erişim Tarihi: 4 Mayıs 2012, http://www.
conference-board.org/data/economydatabase/
Eaton, J. ve S. Kortum. (2001). “Trade in Capital Goods”, European Economic Review,
45(7), 1195-1235.
Edwards, S. (1993). “Openness, Trade Liberalization, and Growth in Developing
Countries”, Journal of Economic Literature, 31(3), 1358-93.
Edwards, S. (1998). “Openness, Productivity And Growth: What Do We Really Know?”
Economic Journal, 108(447), 383–398.
Esfahani, H.S. (1991). “Exports, Imports and Economic Growth in Semi-Industrialized
Countries”, Journal of Development Economics, 35, 93-116.
Frankel, J.A. ve D. Romer. (1999). “Does Trade Cause Growth?”, American Economic
Review, 89(3), 379–399.
Giles, J. A. ve C. L. Williams. (2000). Export-led Growth: A Survey of the Empirical
Literature and Some Noncausality Results Part 1, Econometrics Working
Paper EWP0001, Erişim tarihi: 12 Şubat 2012, http://web.uvic.ca/econ/
research/papers/ewp0002.pdf
351
Sermaye Malı İthalatının İşgücü Verimliliğine Etkisi:
Panel Veri Analizi
Goldberg, P. K., A. Khandelwal, N. Pavcnik, P. Topalova. (2008). Imported Intermediate
Inputs and Domestic Product Growth: Evidence from India, NBER Working
Paper No: 14416.
Grossman, G. ve E. Helpman. (1991). Innovation and Growth in the Global Economy,
London, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press,
Harrison, A. (1996). “Openness And Growth: A Time-Series, Cross-Country Analysis
For Developing Countries”, Journal of Development Economics, 48, 419–
447.
Hausman, J. (1978). “Specification tests in econometrics”, Econometrica, 46(6), 1251-
1271.
Islam, F., A. Hye, Q. Muhammad ve S. Muhammad. (2011). Imports-Economic Growth
Nexus: ARDL Approach to Cointegration, Munich Personal RePEc Archive
(MPRA) Paper No. 28462.
Jayme, F.G. (2001). Notes on Trade and Growth, Textos para Discussao Cedeplar-UFMG
No: 166, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Erişim Tarihi:
15 Ocak 2012, http://www.cedeplar.ufmg.br/pesquisas/td/TD%20166.pdf
Jin, J.C. (2010). “Openness and Growth: an Interpretation Of Empirical Evidence From
East Asian Countries”, The Journal of International Trade & Economic
Development: An International and Comparative Review, 9(1), 5-17.
Jones C.I. “Intermediate Goods and Weak Links in the Theory of Economic Development,
American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 3(2), 1–28.
Kim, S., Lim, H., Park, D. (2009). The Effect of Imports, Exports on Total Factor
Productivity in Korea, Research Institute of Economy, Trade & Industry
(RIETI) Discussion Paper Series 07-E-022.
Kravis, I. B. (1970). “Trade As Handmaiden Of Growth: Similarities Between The
Nineteenth And Twentieth Centuries”, Economic Journal, 80, 850-870.
Krugman, P. (2008). Bunalım Ekonomisinin Geri Dönüşü, İstanbul: Literatür Yayınları.
Krueger, A. (1983). “The Effects of Trade Strategies on Growth”, Finance and
Development, 20, 6-8.
Lawrence, Z.E., ve D.E. Weinstein. (1999). Trade and Growth: Import-Led or Export-
Led? Evidence from Japan and Korea, National Bureau Of Economic
Research (NBER), Working Paper No: 7264.
Lee, J.W. (1995). “Capital Goods Imports and Long-run Growth”, Journal of Development
Economics, 48, 91-110.
Levine, R. ve D. Renelt. (1992). “A Sensitivity Analysis of Cross-Country Growth
Regressions” American, Economic Review, 82 (4), 942–963.
352 / İsmail Hakkı İŞCAN
Atatürk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler
Enstitüsü Dergisi 2012 16 (2): 337-352
Lozada, C. (2005). “The Productivity Slowdown of the 1970s”, The NBER Digest, June,
4-5.
Mulder, P., H. L.F. De Groot, M. W. Hofkes. (2001). “Economic Growth and Technological
Change: A Comparison of Insights From A Neo-Classical and Evolutionary
Perspective”, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 68, 151-171.
Nordhaus, W. (2005). “Retrospectives on the 1970s Productivity Slowdown”, National
Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Working Paper, No: 10950.
Osang, T., A. Arize ve A. Singh. (2007). “Capital Good Imports, Public Expenditure,
and Productivity Growth”, Emerging Topics in Banking and Finance, (Eds:
E. Fuchs and F. Braun), Nova Science: Hauppauge, NY, Erişim tarihi:
05.06.2012, http://faculty.smu.edu/tosang/pdf/osang_singh_arize.pdf
Panas, E. ve Vamvoukas, G. (2002). “Further Evidence on the Export – Led Growth
Hypothesis” Applied Economics Letters, 9, 731-735.
Prebisch, R. (1950). “The Economic Development of Latin America and Its Principle
Problems”, United Nations Publications, New York.
Riezman, R.G., P.M. Summers, C.H. Whiteman. (1996). “The Engine of Growth or its
Handmaiden? A Time Series Assessment of Export-Led Growth”, Empirical
Economics, 21: 77-110.
Singer, H. W. (1950). “The Distributions of Gains Between Investing and Borrowing
Countries”, American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, 40, 473-
485.
Uçak, H., ve İ.Arısoy. (2011). “Türkiye Ekonomisinde Verimlilik, İhracat ve İthalat
Arasındaki Nedensellik İlişkisinin Analizi”, Ege Akademik Bakış, 11(4),
Ekim, 639-651.
UNCTAD, United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database, United Nations, http://
comtrade.un.org/db/default.aspx
UNESCO. (2004). “A Decade of Investment in Research and Development (R&D):
1990-2000”, UIS Bulletin on Science and Technology Statistics Issue No.
1, April.
Veeremani, C. (2008). “ Impact of Imported Intermediate and Capital Goods on
Economic Growth: A Cross Country Analysis”, Indira Gandhi Institute of
Development Research, Working Papers No: 2008-029, Mumbai.
World Development Indicators Database, World Bank, Erişim Tarihi: 20.01.2012, http://
data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators
Zhang, X. ve H. Zou. (1994). Foreign Technology Imports and Economic Growth in
Develoğing Countries, Policy Research Working Paper, No: 1412, The
World Bank Policy Reseach Department Public Economics Division,
January.

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com