Buradasınız

Aktörler Kurumsal Değişime Direnir mi? Türk Emniyet Teşkilatı Örneği

Do Actors Resist to Institutional Change? The Case of Turkish National Police

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Keywords (Original Language):

Author NameUniversity of Author
Abstract (2. Language): 
This study examines why and how resistance to institutional change occurs, through the change of institutional logics, with a particular case in the Turkish National Police. The study mainly employs sub methods of grounded theory. Resistance to change from the logics of authoritarian law enforcement to the democratic one is studied. Three categories of resistance, as follows, motivation by contextual conditions, tendency for political struggle, and focusing on deprivation are identified. Then, two main categories of resistance strategies, -individual and collectivist-, are defined in relation to the former. In conclusion, it is found possible for actors against institutional change with certain stimulus to go into action and resist to change.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmada kurumsal mantıkların değişimi üzerinden ele alınan kurumsal değişime direnişin neden ve nasılı Türk Emniyet Teşkilatı örnekliğinde araştırılmıştır. Gömülü Teori yöntemleri kullanılarak yapılan incelemede; otoriteryan kolluk mantığından demokratik kolluk mantığına geçişe direniş açısından “bağlamsal koşullarca güdülenme, politik mücadele yönelimi ve yoksunluklara odaklanma” olarak üç ana direniş nedeni kategorisi ile bunlarla bağlantılı “bireysel ve kolektif direniş stratejileri” olarak iki ana direniş stratejisi kategorisi ile alt kategorileri tanımlanmıştır. Nihayet kurumsal değişim karşısında belirli bir niyetle harekete geçip eyleyenleşen aktörlerin direniş göstermelerinin mümkün olabileceği belirlenmiştir.

REFERENCES

References: 

Aldrich, E.H., (2010). Beam me up Scott(ie)! Institutional Theorists’ Struggles with the
Emergent Nature of Entrepreneurship. Reserach in the Sociology of Work,
21, 329-364.
Altındal, H., (2010). Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri’nin Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi Adına
Sayıştay Tarafından Denetimi: Değişen Anayasa ve Yasal Düzenlemeler
Çerçevesinde Bir Değerlendirme. Sayıştay Dergisi, 79, 3-70.
Altınay, A. G., (2004). The Myth of Military Nation. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Arndt, M. & Bigelow, B., (2006). Toward the Creation of an Institutional Logic for the
Management of Hospitals: Efficiency in the Early Nineteen Hundreds.
Medical Care Research and Review, 63(3), 369-394.
Ashworth, R., Boyne, G., & Delbridge, R., (2007). Escape from the Iron Cage?
Organizational Change and Isomorphic Pressures in the Public Sector.
Journal of Public Administration Research, 19, 165–187.
Beckert, J., (1999). Agency, Entrepreneurs, and Institutional Change. The Role of Strategic
Choice and Institutionalized Practices in Organizations, Organization
Studies, 20, 777-799.
Bjerregaard, T., (2011). Institutional change at the Frontlines. Qualitative Research in
Organizations and Management: An International Journal, 6(1), 26-45.
Boxenbaum, E. & Battilana, J., (2006). Importation as innovation: transposing managerial
practices across fields. Strategic Organization, 3, 355-383.
Charmaz K. 1998. “Grounded Theory”. Ed. Smith J.A. Harre R. ve Langenhove L.V.
Rethinking Methods in Psychology içinde s. 27-50. London: Sage
Dacin, M., T., Ventresca, J. M., & Beal, D. B., (1999). The Embeddedness of Organizations:
Debates, Dialogue & Directions. Journal of Management, 25(3), 317-356.
DeJordy R. 2010. Institutional Guardianship: The Role of Agency in Preserving Threatened
Institutional Arrangements. A Dissertation for Doctor of Philosophy in
Management. Boston College.
Delbridge, R. & Edwards, T., (2008). Challenging conventions: Roles and processes
during non-isomorphic institutional change. Human Relations, 61(3), 299–
325.
DiMaggio P. 1988. “Interest and Agency in Institutional Theory”. Ed. Zucker L.
Institutional Patterns and Organizations içinde s. 3-21. Massachusetts:
Ballinger
19
Aktörler Kurumsal Değişime Direnir mi?
Türk Emniyet Teşkilatı Örneği
DiMaggio, J. P. & Powell, W. W., (1983). The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional
Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organizational Fields. American
Sociological Review, 48(2), 147-160.
DiMaggio and Powell. 1991. “Introduction”. The New Institutionalism in Organizational
Analysis içinde s.1-38. Powell W.W. ve DiMaggio P.J. (Ed.). Chicago: The
University of Chicago Press
Doğan F. 2010. Polis ve Jandarma Teşkilatları Açısından İç Güvenlik Yönetimi,
Sorunları ve Değişimi. Ankara Üniversitesi SBE, Kamu Yönetimi Bölümü.
Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi
Durmaz H. 2007. Officer Attitudes toward Organizational Change in the Turkish National
Police. University of North Texas. PhD Dissertation.
Fligstein, N., (1996). Markets as Politics: A Political-Cultural Approach to Market
Institutions. American Sociological Review, 61(4), 656-673.
Garud, R., H., C. & Maguire, S., (2007). Institutional Entrepreneurship as Embedded
Agency: An Introduction to the Special Issue. Organization Studies, 28(07),
957–969.
Greenwood, R. & Hinings, C. B., (1996). Understanding radical organizational change:
Bringing together the old and the new institutionalism. Academy of
Management Review, 21(4), 1022–1054.
Hallet, T. & Ventresca, J. M., (2006). Inhabited institutions: Social interactions and
organizational forms in Gouldner’s Patterns of Industrial Bureaucracy.
Theory and Society, 3, 213–236.
Haveman, A. H. & Rao, H., (1997). Structuring a Theory of Moral Sentiments: Institutional
and Organizational Coevolution in the Early Thrift Industry. The American
Journal of Sociology, 102 (6), 1606-1651.
Hensmans, M., (2003). Social Movement Organizations: A Metaphor for Strategic Actors
in Institutional Fields. Organization Studies, 24(3), 355–381.
Hirsch, M. P. & Lounsbury, M., (1997). Ending the Family Quarrel : Toward a
Reconciliation of ‘’Old’’ and ‘’New’’. American Behavioral Scientist, 40,
406-418.
Karatay A. 2009. An Assessment of Democratic Policing in the Turkish National Police:
Police Officers’ Attitudes toward recent Police Reforms. The University of
Southern Mississippi. PhD Dissertation.
Kıvrak A. 2008. Avrupa Birliği Sürecinde Türk Polis Teşkilatının Yönetim, Eğitim ve
Politikalarının Avrupa Birliği Polis Teşkilatları ile Karşılaştırılması.
Ankara Üniversitesi SBE, Halkla İlişkiler ve Tanıtım ABD. Yayınlanmamış
Doktora Tezi
Atatürk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler
20 / Enstitüsü Dergisi 2013 17 (1): 1-22 Oktay KOÇ
İrfan DEMİR
Koca, E. A., (2010). Güvenlik Alanında Oluşturulan AB Eksenli Politika ve Kurumsal
Dönüşüm Çabalarının Polisler Arasındaki Yansıması. Ankara Üniversitesi
SBE, Antropoloji ABD. Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi.
Kopenhag Kriterleri. 1993. http://www.tbmm.gov.tr/komisyon/insanhaklari/pdf01/437-
438.pdf (12.03.2012)
Lawrence B. Thomas ve Suddaby Roy (2006), “lnstitutions and institutional work”, Eds:
Steward R. Clegg, Cynthia Hardy, Thomas B. Lawrence ve Walter R. Nord,
Handbook of Organization Studies, London: Sage
Lawrence, B. T., (2008). Power, Institutions and Organizations. Greenwood, R.; Oliver,
C.; Sahlin-Andersson, S. ve Suddaby, Roy., (Ed.), The Sage Handbook of
Organizational Institutionalism. ss.170-197, London: Sage.
Lawrence, B. T. & Suddaby, R. & Leca, B., (2011). Institutional Work: Refocusing
Institutional Studies of Organization. Journal of Management Inquiry, 20,
52-58.
Lounsbury, M., (2002). Institutional Transformation and Status Mobility: The
Professionalization of the Field of Finance. The Academy of Management
Journal, 45(1), 255-266.
Marquis, C. & Lounsbury, M., (2007). Vive la Resistance: Competing Logics and the
Consolidation of U.S. Community Banking. Academy of Management
Journal, 50(4), 799–820.
McAdam D. ve Scott W.R. 2002. “Organizations and Movements”. Ed: Davis G.F.,
McAdam G., Scott R. W., Zald N.M. Social Movements and Organization
Theory içinde ss. 4-41.Cambridge:Cambridge University Pres.
Meyer, W. J. & Rowan, B., (1977). Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as
Myth and Ceremony. The American Journal of Sociology, 83(2), 340-363.
Meyer, E. R. & Hammerschmid, G., (2006). Changing Institutional Logics and Executive
Identities”, American Behavioral Scientist, S.49(7), ss.1000-1014.
MGK Tutanak Dergisi. 1980. http://www.tbmm.gov.tr/tutanaklar/TUTANAK/MGK_/
d01/c001/mgk_01001001.pdf (07.04.2012)
Oliver, C., (1991). Strategic Responses to Institutional Processes. The Academy of
Management Review, 16(1), 145-179.
Oliver, C. (1992). The Antecedents of Deinstitutionalization. Organization Studies. 13(4),
563-588.
Ocnaschek, T., Moran, R. N. & Hanser, D. R., (2006). Turkey. Kurian T.G., (Ed.), World
Encyclopedia of Police Forces and Correctional Systems, ss. 906-912,
Detroit: Gale.
21
Aktörler Kurumsal Değişime Direnir mi?
Türk Emniyet Teşkilatı Örneği
Pache, A-C. & Santos, F., (2010). When Worlds Collide: The Internal Dynamics of
Organizational Responses to Conflicting Institutional Demands. The
Academy of Management Review. S.35(3), 455-476.
Perkman, M., Salter, A. & Tartari, V., (2011). Reaching Across Institutional Logics:
Arbitrage vs. Contamination. http://druid8.sit.aau.dk/druid/acc_papers/
q3xk6p9fdvvie3ys6lit4ogu2ldx.pdf (erişim tarihi: 12.10.2011).
Piran, L., (2011). Turkey and the European Union Reforms: Institutional Change in
the Turkish National Police. The Catholic University of America, PhD.
Dissertation.
Powell, W. W. & Colyvas, A. J., (2008). Microfoundations of Institutional Theory.
Greenwood R., Oliver C., Sahlin K. ve Suddaby R. (Ed.), The Sage
Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism , ss. 276-298, California:
Sage.
Rao, H., Monin, P. & Durand, R., (2003). Institutional Change in Toque Ville: Nouvelle
Cuisine as an Identity Movement in French Gastronomy. American Journal
of Sociology, S.108(4), 795-843.
Reay, T, & Golden-B., K., & Germann, K. , (2006). Legitimizing a new Role: Small Wins
and Micro Processes of Change. Academy of Management Journal, 49(5),
977–998.
Ruef, M., Scott, W. R. & (1998), A Multidimensional Model of Organizational Legitimacy:
Hospital Survival in Changing Institutional Environnnents. Administrative
Science Quarterly, 43, 877-904.
Scott, W. R., Chard, R. M. & Mendel, J. P. & Caronna, A. C., (2000). Institutional Change
and Healthcare Organizations: From Professional Dominance to Managed
Care, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Scott, W. R. , (1995). Institutions and Organizations, California: Sage.
Scott, W. R., (1987). The Adolescence of Institutional Theory. Administrative Science
Quarterly, 32(4), 493-511.
Scott, W. R., (2001). Institutions and Organizations, California: Sage.
Scott, W. R., (2008). Approaching adulthood: the maturing of institutional theory. Theory
and Society, 37, 427–442.
Seo, M-G. & Creed, W. E. D., (2002). Institutional Contradictions, Praxis, and Institutional
Change: A Dialectical Perspective. The Academy of Management Review.
27(2), 222-247.
Slack, T. & Hinings, B., (1995). Institutional Pressures Isomorphic Change: An Empirical
Test. Organization Studies, 15(6), 803-827.
Atatürk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler
22 / Enstitüsü Dergisi 2013 17 (1): 1-22 Oktay KOÇ
İrfan DEMİR
Strauss, A. & Corbin, J., (1998). Basics of Qualitative Research, 2nd Edition. California:
Sage.
Suddaby, R. & Greenwood, R., (2005). Rhetorical Strategies of Legitimacy, Administrative
Science Quarterly, 50, 35-67.
Suddaby, R., (2010). Challenges for Institutional Theory. Journal of Management
Inquiry, 19, 14-20.
Thornton, H. P. & Ocasio, W., (2008). Institutional Logics. R. Greenwood R., Oliver C.
Sahlin- Andersson K. & Suddaby R. (Ed.) Handbook of Organizational
Institutionalism, ss.99-129, Sage: California.
Thornton, H. P., (2002). The Rise of the Corporation in a Craft Industry: Conflict and
Conformity in Institutional Logics. The Academy of Management Journal.
45(1), 81-101.
Townley, B., (2002). The Role of Competing Rationalities in Institutional Change.
Academy of Management Journal, 45(1), 163-179.
Usul, A. R., (2011). Democracy in Turkey, New York: Routledge.
Van de Ven, H. A. & Hargrave, J. T., (2004). Social, Technical and Institutional Change: A
Literature Review and Synthesis. Poole, M. S. ve Van de Ven, H. Andrew,
(Ed.), Handbook of Organizational Change and Innovation, ss. 259-304,
New York: Oxford University Press.
Yılmaz, A., (2004). Avrupa Polis Modelleri ve Türk Polis Sistemi. Ankara Üniversitesi
SBE, Kamu Yönetimi ve Siyaset Bilimi Anabilim Dalı, Yayımlanmamış
Yüksek Lisans Tezi.
Yin, R., (2003). Case Study Research: Design and Method, Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Zucker, G. L., (1983). Organizations as Institutions. Research in the Sociology of
Organizations, 2, 1-47.
Yasal Metinler, PVSK (2559 s. Polis Vazife ve Selahiyet Kanunu), (1934), RG Tarih:
14.07.1934, S. 2751.

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com