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Almanya’nın Avrupa’daki Konumuna Teorik Yaklaşımlar: Almanya’nın Yeniden Birleşmesinden 20 Yıl Sonra Bir Değerlendirme

Theoretical approaches to the position of Germany in Europe: An assessment 20 years after the German reunification

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Abstract (2. Language): 
This article critically reviews the theories on Germany's position and future in Europe. While historical and cultural approaches are "pessimistic" about reunified Germany's relations with European nations, sociological, institutional and functionalist approaches, though for different reasons, are pretty "optimistic." Besides, the hegemony approach reflects on non-purposive reasons for German expansion. This article checks these approaches against the data twenty years after the German reunification and concludes that the assumptions of the pessimistic view should be rejected whereas the assumptions of the optimistic view are held. However, the assumption that Germany would function as a locomotive for the European economy has not yet been realized mainly because of the economic and financial difficulties the reunification caused and of the global recession we have been experiencing since 2007.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu makale, Almanya'nın Avrupa'daki konumuna ve geleceğine dair geliştirilen teorilerin eleştirel bir incelemesini yapmaktadır. Almanya'nın Avrupa'daki konumuyla ilgili "kötümser" görüşü temsil eden tarihsel ve kültürel yaklaşımların yanında, konuya "iyimser" bakan sosyolojik, kurumsal ve işlevsel yaklaşımlar ve ayrıca başat-güç yaklaşımı bulunmaktadır. İki Almanya'nın birleşmesinden tam 20 yıl geçtikten sonra bugün, ilgili teoriler verilerle karşılaştırıldığında, genel olarak "kötümser görüş"ün varsayımları reddedilmesi gerekirken, "iyimser görüş"ün varsayımlarının gerçeklendiği veya daha da güçlendiği söylenebilir. Ancak Almanya'nın Avrupa ekonomisinin lokomotifi olacağı yönündeki varsayımın, özellikle birleşmenin getirdiği ekonomik ve mali sorunlar ile küresel ekonomideki durgunluk nedenleriyle gerçeklenmediği görülmektedir.

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REFERENCES

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