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Lübnan’da Toplumlararası Gergin İlişkiler

The Uneasy Inter-communal Relations in Lebanon

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Abstract (2. Language): 
This paper presents the development of the inter-communal relations in Lebanon and it approaches issues such as diversity and identity. Ever since the creation of modern Lebanon in 1920, the principle of proportionality has been subject of a significant inter-communal debate. Although, proportionality was to support state’s development and fair representation of all religious groups, it ended up the basis for a rigid political system, which turned into a major problem for the inter-communal political relationship, situation which escalated to civil war. The war, not only emphasized the inter-communal debate of what constituted a fair power-distribution system, but it also deepened this question, because it added new components such as new political actors.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışma Lübnan’da toplumlar arası ilişkileri kimlik ve toplumsal çeşitlilik bağlamında analiz etmeyi amaçlamaktadır. 1920 yılında modern Lübnan’ın kuruluşundan itibaren orantılılık prensibi meydana gelen toplumsal çatışmaların ana nedeni olmuştur. Orantılılık ilkesiyle ülke içerişimde yaşayan dini gruplar arasında adil bir temsil sistemi oluşturarak ülkenin gelişimine katkıda bulunması öngörülürken tam tersine bahsi geçen ilke ülkede siyasal sistemin çok daha sert bir hale dönüşmesine ve iç savaşa kadar uzanan bir sürece neden olmuştur. Savaş ülke içerisinde yaşanan güç paylaşımı hususuyla ilintili olmanın ötesinde aynı zamanda ülke siyasetinde yer alan yeni aktörlerinde meydana çıkışına neden olmuştur.

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REFERENCES

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