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AZERBAYCAN EKONOMİSİNİN TEMEL GELİŞİM UNSURU GİBİ PETROL ÜRETİMİ

AZERBAIJAN OIL PRODUCTION AS A MAIN LOCOMOTIVE OF STATE ECONOMY

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Moreover than century oil and its industrial production have played a crucial role in Azerbaijan development. Being one of the place in the world where oil started to produced, Baku attract attention of many major actors at the beginning of the 20 century. It was reason for fighting between different states prize of which accepted to be Baku oil. During the Soviet period Azerbaijani oil played significant role in defeating over fascism. But after the 50-ies importance of Baku oil decreased due to development of new filed exploration in Siberia. Only after regaining the independence Azerbaijan once more came to the international arena as oil producer and first in its history has a possibility to decide own fate. Oil factor played extremely important role in state building, economic development and following balancing policy in international arena. In this article given information about historical development of oil production and explanation of Azerbaijan strategy and policies realization by new independent state.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bir asırdan fazladır ki petrol ve petrol sanayisi Azerbaycan'ın kaderine önemli bir yer almaktadır. 20-ci yüz yılın evvelinde dünya petrol üretim merkezlerinden biri olan Bakü'ye bir çok büyük uluslararası aktorun dikkatini kendine çekmiştir. Bakü petrolü için farkı devletker arasında amansız bir mücadele başlanmıştır. Sovet döneminde Azerbaycan petrolü faşizm üzerinde kazanılan zaferinde önemli rol etmişti. Fakat 50'lı yıllardan sonra, Sibirya'da bulunan büyük petrol yatakların işletilmesi nedeniyle Bakü'deki petrolün önemi arzalmağa başlıyor. Yalnız kendi bağımsızlığını tekrar kazandıktan sonra Azerbaycan bir daha uluslararası ortamda petrol üreticisi ve ilk defa olarak kendi kader belirleyicisi gibi ortaya çıkmıştı. Bu makalede Azerbaycan'da petrol üretiminin tarihi gelişimi ve bu ülkenin bağımsızlıktan sonraki enerji stratejisi ve gerçekleçtirme politikaları konusunda bilgi verilecektir.

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