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AVRASYA ÜLKELERİNİN DÜNYA TİCARET SİSTEMİNE ENTEGRASYONU

INTEGRATION OF EURASIAN COUNTRIES INTO THE WORLD TRADE SYSTEM

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Along with the collapse of the USSR Eurasian countries gained independence and took their places in the world economy as independent states. During the period of the Iron Curtain, 80 - 90 percent of the “foreign” relations of these countries were within the USSR. However, with the opening outside in the region began the process of integration into the world trade system that significantly influenced the foreign trade of the Eurasian countries: trends in merchandise trade and in trade in services, geographic destination, product concentration/diversification and the Region’s progress in openness to trade have changed considerably over the period 1994 – 2012.
Abstract (Original Language): 
SSCB’nin dağılmasıyla Avrasya ülkeleri bağımsızlıklarını kazanarak dünya ekonomisinde bağımsız devletler olarak yerlerini aldılar. “Demir Perde” dönemi boyunca bu ülkeler, “dış ticaret” ilişkilerinin % 80 - % 90’ını SSCB içerisinde gerçekleştiriyordu. Ancak dışarıya açılmasıyla birlikte bölgede başlayan dünya ticaret sistemine entegrasyon süreci dış ticaretlerini ciddi bir şekilde etkiledi: 1994 – 2012 döneminde mal ve hizmet ticaretindeki eğilimler, coğrafi dağılım, ürün konsantrasyonu/çeşitlenmesi ve bölgenin ticarette açıklık konusunda önemli değişimler yaşandı.

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