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CERRAHPAŞA TIP FAKÜLTESİ KADIN HASTALIKLARI VE DOĞUM ANABİLİM DALI VE YOĞUN BAKIM ÜNİTESİ'NDE MATERNAL MORTALİTE

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The aim of this study is to assess maternal mortality rate in Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty and to help develop new health strategies to control maternal mortality rates by determining the factors and diseases which increase risks. Charts of patient seen between 1991 and 1996 were retrospectively reviewed in the Department of Obstetrics-Gynecology and Intensive Care Unit. Results.- During this period, 19.808 births had been recorded. There were 16 maternal deaths. The rate of maternal mortality of our department was 80 per 100.000 births. Pregnancy-induced hypertension was the most frequent cause of maternal death in Intensive Care Unit Department. Conclusion.- Maternal mortality rates of Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty are similar to national statistics, mainly because it is a referral hospital of the district. Most referred cases were patients with inadequate antenatal follow-up, which comprised the majority of the maternal deaths. Pregnancy-induced hypertension is the major cause. The poor outcome of this disease and others can be significantly improved with proper antenatal care and patient education.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum Kliniği'nde 1991 ile 1996 yılları arasında toplam 19808 doğum olmuştur. Bu süre içerisinde 16 maternal ölüm meydana gelmiş ve kliniğimizin maternal mortalite oranı 100.000 doğumda 80 olarak hesaplanmıştır. On altı maternal ölüm olgusunda en sık gebelik hipertansiyonuna bağlı komplikasyonlar etyolojik neden olarak belirlenmiştir. Aynı tarihler arasında gebeliğe bağlı hastalıklar nedeniyle Anestezi Yoğun Bakım Ünitesi'ne toplam 129 hasta yatırılmış ve bunlardan 36 hasta kaybedilmiştir. Bu hastalarda da en sık ölüm nedeni olarak gebelik hipertansiyonuna bağlı komplikasyonlar saptanmıştır.

REFERENCES

References: 

1. Ellerbrock TV, Atrash HK, Hogue CJR, Smith JC. Pregnancy mortality surveillance: a new initiative. Contemp Obstet Gynecol 1988; 31: 23-24.
2. Fox H. Pathology of maternal death. In: Fox H, Wells M (eds) Obstetrical and Gynecological Pathology, Churchill Livingstone. London, 1995; 1837-1851.
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4. Akın A. Population issues in the world and in Turkey. Republic of Turkey-Ministry of Health, Ankara 1995; 42-43.
5. Atrash HK, Koonin LM, Lawson HW et al. Maternal mortality in the United States,1979-1986. Obstet Gynecol 1990; 76: 1055-1060.

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