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BAZAARIS’ INTERESTS ON THE IRANIAN ECONOMY: A COALITION WITH ULAMA

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Abstract (2. Language): 
This paper aims to analyze the Bazaaris movement and the Bazaaris’ coalition with the Ulama in Iran. Their coalition made alliances with other groups such as the workers, the middle classes, and even the Shah state. The objective of this paper is to understand what the Bazaaris demanded from the Iranian politicians and why the Bazaaris continued their coalition with the Ulama. This paper will give readers some insights into the effects of economic dynamics on social dynamics in Iran before the Iranian Revolution in the 1970s. The contribution of this paper to the existing literature is to understand how the Bazaaris’ economic demands resulted in a coalition with the Ulama’s ideological demands, and how furthermore this coalition made the Bazaaris one of the dynamic radical opposition powers in the Iranian society.

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