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Örgütsel Sosyalleşmenin, Örgütsel Özdeşleşme ve Örgütsel Vatandaşlıkla İlişkisi: İlköğretim Okulu Yöneticileri Üzerinde Bir Araştırma

The Relationship of Organizational Socialization to Organizational Identification and Organizational Citizenship: A Search on Turkish Primary School Administrators

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Abstract (2. Language): 
uction Organizational socialization is a process of mutual interaction between the organization and the employees. The socialization of school administrators, which is the subject of this research, is a learning process based on the feedback from other organization members. Although the tactics of socialization in organizational socialization literature have been scattered through too broad a spectrum and have characteristics that are too general to determine at the school level, the socialization of administrators has in fact taken place through specific informal processes. Hartley (1992) indicates that organizational socialization results in motivation, commitment, loyalty, job satisfaction, mutual social influence, harder work, less turnover, and identification. The concept of organizational socialization is related to many concepts such as organizational motivation, job satisfaction, compliance, organizational efficiency and effectiveness, and organizational commitment. In this study, the concept of organizational socialization and its relationship to the concepts of organizational identification and organizational citizenship will be discussed because these variables have been researched less than others.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmada; örgütsel sosyalleşmenin, örgütsel özdeşleşme ve örgütsel vatandaşlık kavramları ile ilişkileri yanında örgütsel özdeşleşme ve örgütsel vatandaşlık değişkenlerinin örgütsel sosyalleşmeyi yordama düzeyi araştırılmıştır. Araştırma, “karma araştırma” türünde desenlenmiştir. Dolayısıyla araştırmada nicel ve nitel araştırma teknikleri bir arada kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın nicel boyutunda ilköğretim okulu müdürlerinin örgütsel sosyalleşme, örgütsel özdeşleşme ve örgütsel vatandaşlık davranışı düzeylerini belirlemek üzere ilgili ölçekler uygulanmıştır. Araştırmanın nitel boyutunda ise ilköğretim okulu yöneticilerinin örgütsel sosyalleşme strateji ve taktiklerini belirlemek üzere nitel görüşme tekniği uygulanmıştır. Araştırmanın hedef evrenini, Ankara İli dokuz merkez ilçesinde görev yapan 580 ilköğretim okul müdürü oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmada evrenin tamamına ulaşılarak, “tam sayım” tekniği kullanılmıştır. Araştırma verilerini toplamak üzere gerekli izinler alınarak Örgütsel Sosyalleşme Ölçeği (Taormina, 2004) ve Örgütsel Özdeşleşme Ölçeği (Cheney, 1982; Demirel, Çakınberk & Derin, 2011) Türkçeye uyarlanmıştır. Örgütsel Vatandaşlık Ölçeği ise araştırmacılar tarafından geliştirilmiştir. Araştırmanın nicel boyutunda sözü edilen ölçeklerle toplanan verilerin analizinde, ilköğretim okulu müdürlerinin örgütsel sosyalleşme, örgütsel özdeşleşme ve örgütsel vatandaşlık düzeylerini saptamak üzere frekans, yüzde, aritmetik ortalama ve standart sapma betimsel istatistik teknikleri hesaplanmıştır. Örgütsel sosyalleşmenin örgütsel özdeşleşme ve örgütsel vatandaşlıkla ilişki düzeyini ve bu iki değişkenin (örgütsel özdeşleşme ve örgütsel vatandaşlık) örgütsel sosyalleşmeyi yordama düzeyini saptamak üzere de çoklu doğrusal regresyon tekniği uygulanmıştır. Manidarlık sınamaları p≥.05 düzeyinde yapılmıştır. Araştırmanın nitel boyutunda ise görüşme verileri içerik analizine tabi tutulmuştur. Nicel tarama bulguları, ilköğretim okulu yöneticilerinin örgütsel sosyalleşme ve örgütsel özdeşleşme düzeylerinin beklenenin altında olduğunu göstermiştir. Çoklu regresyon analizi sonucuna göre, örgütsel sosyalleşmenin örgüte ilişkin anlayış boyutunu, örgütsel özdeşleşme ve örgütsel vatandaşlık boyutları arasında sadece örgütsel özdeşleşmenin özdeşleşme boyutu düşük düzeyde yordamaktadır. Nitel tarama bulguları ise, ilköğretim okulu yöneticilerinin sosyalleşmesinin genellikle informel, kesintili bireysel süreçlerle gerçekleştiğini, okul yöneticilerinin okuldaki sosyal gruplarla özdeşleştiklerini ve ekstra rol davranışları sergilediklerini göstermiştir.
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