Doğrudan Yabancı Sermaye Yatırımların Dış Ticaret Üzerindeki Etkisi: Panel Veri Analizi

The Effect of FDI on Foreign Trade: A Panel Analysis

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The purpose of this paper is to determine the effect of inward and outward foreign direct investments (FDI) on foreign trade (FT) using panel regression analysis. To this end, 143 coun-tries, which were classified into 5 different development groups according per capita in-come, were subject to 4 separate analyses using FDI and FT data between the years 1980 and 2009. This study concludes that inward and outward FDI affects trade volume at different rates according to a country’s development level. However, imports and exports appear to be more sensitive to FDI in less developed countries.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmanın amacı gelen-giden Doğrudan Yabancı Sermaye Yatırımları (DYSY)’nın Dış Ticaret (DT) üzerindeki etkisinin panel regresyon tekniği ile belirlenmesidir. Bu amaçla, kişi başına milli gelir kıstasına göre 5 farklı gelişmişlik grub-una ayrılan 143 ülkenin 1980–2009 arasındaki DYSY ve DT verileri kullanılarak 4 grup analiz yapılmıştır. Bu analizler neticesinde farklı gelişmişlik düzeyine sahip ülke gruplarında gelen ve giden DYSY ihracat ve ithalat miktarlarını farklı oranlarda etkilemektedir. Ancak az gelişmiş ülkelerin ithalat ve ihracatları DYSY’lere çok daha fazla duyarlı olduğu görülmektedir.



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