Buradasınız

1941 Resolutions of El-Hidaje in Bosnia dn Herzegovina as a Case of Traditional Conflict Transformation

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Author NameUniversity of Author
Abstract (2. Language): 
During the Second World War, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under the authority of the Independent State of Crotia (NDH). The ruling Ustaa leadership of Ante Paveli committed haunting atrocities, especially towards Serb and Jewish population, aimed to “cleanse” the region. Despite the relative privileges that were granted to them by the Ustaa leaders, who treated Bosnian Muslims as Muslims of Croat nation, this article will present how Muslim ulama, convened under the framework of el-Hidaje Ilmijje organization, protested the atrocities committed towards both Muslims and the aforementioned victims of NDH, mainly through Resolutions circulated in several cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1941. I will argue that, these resolutions does not only represent an act of tolerance, such as Reis-ul-ulema Demaludin auevi `s initiatives during the anti-Serb riots after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914, but also represent important clues and prospects how a religious organization can include in peacemaking in terms of conflict transformation at the grass root level, such as publicly condemning believers on their side who took part in these events and taking a stance vis-à-vis state bodies in times of crisis.

REFERENCES

References: 

Banac, Ivo. 1996. “Bosnian Muslims: From Religious Community to Socialist
Nationhood and Postcommunist Statehood, 1918-1992.” In The Muslims of
Bosnia-Herzegovina, edited by Mark Pinson, 129-153. Cambridge,
Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Boege, Volker. 2006. Traditional Approaches to Conflict Transformation- Potentials and
Limits. Accessed July 16, 2008. http://www.berghof-handbook.net.
Donia, Robert. 2006. Sarajevo: A Biography. Michigan: University of Michigan Press.
Onder Cetin

82
Donia, Robert. J. and John V. A. Fine, Jr. 1997. Bosnia and Hercegovina: A Tradition
Betrayed. London: Hurst and Company.
Filandra, a
ir and Enes Kari
. 2004. The Bosniac Idea, translated by Saba Risaluddin.
Zagreb: Nakladni zavod Globus.
Filandra, a
ir. 1998. Bonja ka politika u XX. Stolje u [Bosniak politics in the 20th
century], Sarajevo: Sejtarija.
Friedman, Francine. 1998. The Bosnian Muslim National Question. In Religion and the
War in Bosnia, edited by Paul Mojzes. Atlanta: Georgia: Scholars Press.
Friedman, Francine. 1996. Bosnian Muslims: Denial of a Nation. Colorado, Oxford:
Westview Press.
Hadijahi
, Muhamed. 1974. “Muslimanske Rezolucije iz 1941. Godine.” [Muslim
Resolutions in 1941]. Glasnik Vrhovnog Islamskog Starjeinstva u SFRJ 37(1-2):
13-21.
Handi
, Mehmed. 1940-1941. “El-Hidaja u novim prilikama“ [El-Hidaje in the new
circumstances]. El-Hidaje 4 (9-11): 221-223.
Imamovi
, Mustafa. 2008. Vjerske Zajednice u Bosni i Hercegovini i Jugoslaviji Izme
u
Dva Svjetska Rata [Religious Communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina and
Yugoslavia between Two World Wars]. Sarajevo: Pravni Fakultet Univerziteta u
Sarajevu.
Imamovi
, Mustafa. 1996. Historija Bonjaka [History of Bosniaks]. Sarajevo: Preporod-
Bo
njaka Zajednica Kulture.
Jelinek, Yeshayahu A. 1990. “Bosnia-Herzegovina at War: Relations between Moslems
and Non-Moslems.” Holocaust and Genocide Studies 5(3): 275-292.
Kari
, Enes. 2004. Povijest Islamskog Miflljenja u Bosnia i Hercegovini XX Stolje a
[Islamic Thought in Bosnia in the 20th century]. Sarajevo: El-Kalem.
Lampe, John R. 1996. Yugoslavia as History: Twice there was a country. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Lederach, John P. 1997. Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided
Societies. Washington, DC: USIP.
Lopasi
, Alexander. 1981. “Bosnian Muslims: A Search for Identity.” Bulletin (British
Society for Middle Eastern Studies) 8(2): 115-125.
Malcolm, Noel. 1996. Bosnia. A Short History. London: Papermac.
Mladi Muslimani. 2002. The Young Muslims 1939-2000. Sarajevo: Udruenje graana
Mladi Muslimani.
Popovi
, Alexandre. 1995. Balkanlarda slam, tr. by Commission. stanbul: nsan.
European Journal of Economic and Political Studies

83
Prva Rije [The First Word]. (1956-1937). El-Hidaje 1 (1): 2-4.
Redi, Enver. 2005. Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Second World War. Translated by
Aida Vidan. London and New York: Frank Cass.
Redi, Enver. 1987. Muslimansko Autonomatvo i 13. SS Divizija: Autonomija Bosne i
Hercegovine i Hitlerov Trei Rajh [Muslim Autonomy and the 13th
SS Division:
Autonomy of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Hitler’s Third Reich]. Sarajevo:
Svjetlost.
Zartman, I. William. 2000. “Conclusions: Changes in the New Order and the Place for
the Old. In Traditional Cures for Modern Conflicts: African Conflict “Medicine,”
edited by I. William Zartman, pp. 219-230. Boulder, Co: Lynne Rienner.
Zulfikarpai, Adil in dialogue with Milovan Djilas and Nadeda Gae. 1998. The
Bosniak. London: Hurst&Company.

Documents
El-Hidaje. 1941a. Rezolucija El-Hidaje, doneena na Glavnoj god. Skuptini odranoj
14./VIII. 1941. Available at Arhiv Gazi Husrev-Begove Biblioteke u Sarajevu, No:
A-463/B
El-Hidaje 1941b. Rezolucija El-Hidaje, doneena na Glavnoj god. Skuptini odranoj
14./VIII. 1941. El-Hidaje, 5(1), 27-29.
El-Hidaje. 1941c. El-Hidajina (Sarajevska) Rezolucija, Available at Arhiv Gazi Husrev-
Begove Biblioteke u Sarajevu, No: A-380/B
El-Hidaje. 1941d. El-Hidajina Rezolucija- od 18.X.1941, Available at Arhiv Gazi Husrev-
Begove Biblioteke u Sarajevu, No: D- 3200.

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com