1941 Resolutions of El-Hidaje in Bosnia dn Herzegovina as a Case of Traditional Conflict Transformation

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Abstract (2. Language): 
During the Second World War, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under the authority of the Independent State of Crotia (NDH). The ruling Ustaa leadership of Ante Paveli committed haunting atrocities, especially towards Serb and Jewish population, aimed to “cleanse” the region. Despite the relative privileges that were granted to them by the Ustaa leaders, who treated Bosnian Muslims as Muslims of Croat nation, this article will present how Muslim ulama, convened under the framework of el-Hidaje Ilmijje organization, protested the atrocities committed towards both Muslims and the aforementioned victims of NDH, mainly through Resolutions circulated in several cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1941. I will argue that, these resolutions does not only represent an act of tolerance, such as Reis-ul-ulema Demaludin auevi `s initiatives during the anti-Serb riots after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914, but also represent important clues and prospects how a religious organization can include in peacemaking in terms of conflict transformation at the grass root level, such as publicly condemning believers on their side who took part in these events and taking a stance vis-à-vis state bodies in times of crisis.



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