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Obezite, çocuklarda depresyon ve özgüven eksikliğine neden oluyor mu?

Does obesity lead to depression and selfesteem deficiency in children?

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Overweight and obesity prevalance are increasing in children progressively and result in depression, self-esteem deficiency and behavioral problems. The relationship between depression and self-esteem deficiency and childhood obesity was investigated in this study. Forty children diagnosed to have exogen obesity were compared with forty healthy children with normal weight. There were no statistically significant differences for age and sex between groups, but depression and self-esteem deficiency ratios were significantly higher for the obese group (p<0.05). This study emphasizes the importance of psychologic aspects of childhood obesity and psychiatric support for this condition.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Aşırı kilo ve obezite prevelansı çocuklarda gittikçe artmakta ve depresyon, özgüven eksikliği ile davranış problemlerine neden olmaktadır. Bu çalışma ile depresyon ve özgüven eksikliğinin çocukluk obezitesi ile bağlantısı araştırılmıştır. Ekzojen obezite tanısı almış 40 çocuk, sağlıklı normal ağırlıktaki 40 çocukla karşılaştırılmıştır. Yaş ve cinsiyet açısından gruplar arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı farklılık yoktu, ancak depresyon ve özgüven eksikliği oranları obez grup için istatistiksel olarak daha yüksekti (p<0.05). Bu çalışma çocukluk obezitesinin psikolojik yönlerini ve bu durum için gereken psikolojik desteği vurgulamaktadır.

REFERENCES

References: 

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Tablo I. Obez ve kontrol grubunun özellikleri, depresyon (“Children's Depression Inventory”)
ve özgüven (“Piers-Harris Children's Self Concept Scale”) skor karþýlaþtýrmalarý
_______________________________________________________________________________
Obez (n=40) Kontrol (n=40) p deðeri
_______________________________________________________________________________
Yaþ aralýðý (yýl) 7-15 7-15 >0.05
Yaþ ortalamasý (yýl±SS) 11.05±2.11 10.9±2.2 >0.05
Cinsiyet (Kýz:erkek oraný) 1:1 1:1 >0.05
Vücut kitle indeksi kg/m2
(ortalama±SS) 16.3±2.3 25.2±2.1 <0.001*
Depresyon skoru (ortalama±SS) 10.62±4.24 7.8±3.21 0.001*
Özgüven skoru (ortalama±SS) 52.35±8.18 55.32±5.09 0.04**
_______________________________________________________________________________
*: p 0.001, **: p 0.05
Tablo II. Cinsiyet farklýlýðýnýn özgüven ve
depresyon skoru üzerine olan etkisi
____________________________________
Kýz Erkek p deðeri
____________________________________
Depresyon
skoru 9.55 11.7 0.11
Özgüven
skoru 53.35 51.35 0.44
____________________________________Cilt 48 · Sayý 1 · Gülhane TD Obezite, depresyon ve özgüven eksikliði ·3
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