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Büyük Ebeveynlerinin Ergenler Tarafından Algılanan Özelliklerini Etkileyen Faktörlerin İncelenmesi

Factors Affecting the Perception of the Qualities of Grandparents by Adolescents

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Abstract (2. Language): 
This research is conducted on 12-18 year old adolescents who are students at elementary and high schools in Subayeveleri, Hasköy in the Keçiören district of Ankara. The number of samples that would represent the universe is 511 determined by random sampling out of 950. That questionnaire which was prepared to determine the demographic qualities of the adolescents and grandparents, the frequency of meeting with grandparents, and the characteristics of the grandparents perceived by the adolescents was applied to adolescents through a face to face interview with them. In this study it is found out that the average score of adolescents who perceive their grandparents as hospitable, good-hearted, tolerant and generous was the highest, and the score of adolescents who perceive their grandparents as meager, impatient, and irritable was the lowest. Adolescents perceive their maternal grandparents as more generous, goodhearted, hospitable, humorous, tolerant and dynamic whereas they perceive their paternal grandparents as more old fashioned and meager than their maternal grandparents. It is also found out that the older the adolescents grow, the more negative their perception of their grandparents become. In general, as the adolescents grow older, positive traits they attribute to their grandparents decrease whereas negative traits increase. It is observed that positive traits of the grandparents perceived by the adolescents increase as the grandparents’ level of education increases whereas their positive traits decrease when their health decreases. It is found out that the average of adolescents’ perception of the positive traits (generous, good-hearted, hospitable and tolerant) of their grandparents whom they see very occasionally decreases. It is observed that, except for their maternal grandmother, the distance of the grandparents’ house (paternal grandmother, paternal and maternal grandfathers) to their own has no effect on the adolescents’ perception of their grandparents.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu Araştırma, Ankara ilinin Keçiören ilçesi Subayevleri ve Hasköy semtinde bulunan ilköğretim ve liselerde okuyan 12-18 yaş arası ergenler üzerinde yürütülmüştür. Evreni temsil edebilecek örneklem sayısını o bölgede bulunan ilköğretim ve liselerde okuyan toplam 950 öğrenciden tesadüfü örnekleme yöntemi ile belirlenen 511 öğrenci oluşturmaktadır. Ergenlerin ve büyük ebeveynin demografik özellikleri, büyük ebeveynle görüşme sıklığı, büyük ebeveynin ikamet ettiği yerin uzaklığı ve ergenler tarafından algılanan büyük ebeveyn özelliklerini belirlemeye yönelik hazırlanan anket formu araştırmacı tarafından ergenlere yüz yüze yapılan görüşme ile uygulanmıştır. Bu araştırmada; ergenler arasında büyük ebeveynlerini misafirperver, iyi kalpli, hoşgörülü ve cömert olarak algılayanların ortalama değerlerinin en yüksek, büyük ebeveynlerini cimri ve sabırsız-sinirli olarak algılayan ergenlerin ortalama değerlerinin ise en düşük olduğu bulunmuştur. Ergenler anne tarafından büyük ebeveynlerini baba tarafından büyük ebeveynlerine göre daha cömert, iyi kalpli, misafirperver, esprili, hoşgörülü ve dinamik olarak algılarlarken, baba tarafından büyük ebeveynlerini anne tarafından büyük ebeveynlerine göre daha eski moda ve cimri olarak algılamaktadırlar. Ergenler arasında yaş arttıkça büyük ebeveynlerini olumsuz özellikler açısından algılamanın da arttığı bulunmuştur. Araştırmada genelde ergenin büyük ebeveynine karşı olumlu olarak nitelendirilen özellikleri büyük ebeveynin yaşındaki artış ile bir azalma, olumsuz özellikleri ise yaştaki artışa bağlı olarak bir artış göstermektedir. Araştırmada büyük ebeveynin eğitim düzeyi yükseldikçe ergen tarafından algılanan olumlu özelliklerinde ortalamalarında artış olduğu, sağlık durumu kötüleştikçe olumlu olarak algılanan özelliklerin ortalamalarında ise düşüş olduğu bulunmuştur. Araştırmada ergenlerin çok nadir görüştükleri anneanne, babaanne ve anne tarafından büyükbabalarını algılandıkları olumlu özelliklerin (cömert, iyi kalpli, misafirperver ve hoşgörülü) ortalamaların azaldığı bulunmuştur. Anneanne hariç babaanne ile anne ve baba tarafından büyükbabaların ikamet ettiği yerin uzaklığının ergenlerin büyük ebeveynini algılama üzerinde bir etkisinin olmadığı saptanmıştır.

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