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Artritli Bireylerde Yorgunluğun Değerlendirilmesi

Evaluation of Fatigue in Individuals with Arthritis

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Background: Complaints of fatigue are common almost all chronic illnesses, especially prevalent in pain disorders such as fibromyalgia syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis. Objective: This study was conducted for the purpose of determining fatigue in individuals with arthritis. Method: Data had obtained from 250 arthritis patients at Physiotherapy and Immunology policlinics and clinics of Atatürk University Hospital in Turkey between May and July 2005. As the data gathering tools, a questionnaire form and Visual Analogue Scale for Fatigue (VAS-F) were used. Results: Internal consistency for VAS-F was good for arthritis individuals. Cronbach’s alpha of fatigue subscale was 0.87 and energy subscale was 0.84. Statistically significant differences were found between fatigue and energy subscales and socio-demographic variables. These differences were identified between the VAS-F point averages and female, older, widowed, literate, more income, carrying on with special exercise programs. Conclusion: Fatigue levels of individuals with arthritis was found to be high. This study had determined socio-demographic variables associated with the fatigue.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Giriş: Yorgunluk şikayeti, neredeyse tüm kronik hastalıklarda özellikle de osteoartrit, romatoid artrit, fibromyalji gibi ağrı sorunu yaşanan hastalıklarda yaygın şekilde görülür. Amaç: Bu çalışma artritli bireylerin yorgunluk durumunu belirlemek amacı ile yapılmıştır. Yöntem: Veriler, Atatürk Üniversitesi Araştırma Hastanesi Fizik Tedavi-Rehabilitasyon ve İmmunoloji poliklinik ve kliniklerinde Mayıs-Temmuz 2005 tarihleri arasında 250 artrit hastası üzerinde toplanmıştır. Veri toplama aracı olarak soru formu ve Yorgunluk için Görsel Benzerlik Skalası kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Artritli bireylerde Yorgunluk için Görsel Benzerlik Skalası’nın iç tutarlılığı iyi bulunmuştur. Yorgunluk alt skalasının Cronbach alfası 0.87, enerji alt skalasının ise 0.84’dür. Sosyo-demografik özellikler ile yorgunluk ve enerji alt skalası puan ortalamaları arasında istatistiksel olarak önemli farklılıklar bulunmuştur. Bu farklılıklar kadın, yaşlı, dul, okur-yazar, ekonomik durumu iyi olan ve özel egzersiz programlarına katılanlar arasında saptanmıştır. Sonuç: Artritli bireylerde yorgunluk seviyesi yüksek bulunmuştur. Bu çalışmada, sosyodemografik değişkenler ile yorgunluk arasında ilişki olduğunu belirlenmiştir.

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