Muslim Politics in Malaysia and the Democratization Process

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Abstract (2. Language): 
This article will address the Muslim politics in Malaysia in the light of the broader shifts towards democratization and Islamization by focusing on politics among the majority ethnic Malay community, followed an overview of the ideological rivalry between UMNO and PAS, with special reference to the electoral performances of these parties in the past three general elections (November 1999, March 2004 and March 2008) . It then explores the underlying reason for the perceived importance of Islam in understanding the voting trend among the Malay-Muslim electorate which raised the question to what extent was the discourse on Islam instrumental in persuading the Malays to switch their support from PAS to the UMNO during the 2004 elections, and in the process of continued participation as an ‘Islamic Party’ in Malaysian mainstream politics what factors were that encouraged the PAS leaders to compromises and to play by the ‘rule of democracy’. In the concluding part of the article the writer also provide with an overview on reform agenda of Civilizational Islam (Islam Hadhari) under premiership of Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and the current Malaysia’s Transformation Programme (GTP) under the leadership of Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Abdul Razak.



Ahmad Hussein, Syed. 2002. Muslim politics and the discourse on democracy, In. Democracy in
Malaysia: discourse and practices. Richmond: Curzon Press.
Chamil Wariya. 2009. Najib Razak: Prime Minister of Malaysia. Petaling Jaya: MPH Group
Publishing Sdn Bhd.
Crouch, H. 1996. Government and society in Malaysia. St Leonard, New South Wales: Allen &
Esposito, J.L. & Vol. J. O. 1996. Islam and democracy. New York: Oxford University Press.
Farish A Noor. 2004. Islam embedded: the historical development of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic
Party PAS (1951-1953). Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Sociological Research Institute, Vol. 1
& 2.
Funston, J. 1980. Malay politics in Malaysia: a study of PAS and UMNO. Kuala Lumpur:
Gomez, E.T. 2007. Politics in Malaysia. New York: Routledge.
Gullick, J.M. 1995. Malays society in the late nineteenth century. Singapore: Oxford University
Haddad, Y.Y. 1995. Islamist and the challenge of pluralism. Washington D.C.: Georgetown
Harrowitz, D. L.1994. The Qur’an and the common law: Islamic law reform and the theory of legal
change. Kuala Lumpur: University Malaya Publishers.
Hashim Soffian. 1963. The Relationship between Islam and state in Malaysia. Intisari. Vol. 1, No.
Hong Hai, Lim. 1997. The Malaysian electoral system: its formation and change: Kuala Lumpur:
University Malaya Publishers.
Ibrahim, Ahmad. 1997. Pentadbiran Undang-Undang Islam di Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Institut
Kefahaman Islam Malaysia (IKIM).
Kepel, G. 1998. The Political sociology of Islamism. ISIM Newsletter. Kuala Lumpur: October 25.
Khadijah Md. Khalid. 2007 Islam and Politics in the 2004 General Election. In. Edmund Terence
Gomez (ed.), Politics in Malaysia: the Malay dimension. New York: Routledge
Lah Yi, Beh. 2004. PAS want UMNO to explain Islam Hadhari. Malaysiakini. October 6. Kuala
Lumpur: http:// www.malaysiakini.com/print.php?Id+30578.
International Journal of Islamic Thought
Vol. 3: (June) 2013
Najib, Mohd. 2010. Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak’s speech at the 65th Session of the United
Nations General Assembly. New York: United Nations, Sept 27.
Najib, Mohd. 2011. Speech Dato’ Sri Najib Tun Razak Prime Minister of Malaysia. Honolulu: East
West Center, November 12.
Najib, Mohd. 2012. Speech Dato’ Sri Najib Tun Razak Prime Minister of Malaysia at Global
Movement of Moderate Conference. Putrajaya: Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre,
January 7.
News Straits Time. March 24, 2004 & November 17, 2012.
O’ Shanessy, M. 2009. The Barisan Nasional: a gramscian perspective of the 2008 Malaysian
General Election. Contemporary Southeast Asia. 31(1).
Roff, W. 1967. The Origin of Malay nationalism. Kuala Lumpur: University Malaya Publishers.
Yeoh, Oon. 2009. Najib’s first 100 days: no honeymoon. Petaling Jaya: Gerakbudaya Enterprise.

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com