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An Evaluation of Factors Constraining the Implementation of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in Construction Infrastructure Projects in Nigeria

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The aim of this paper is to investigate the factors constraining the implementation of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) Projects in the Nigerian construction industry. The study is motivated by the Nation’s inability to adopt and utilize the PPPs approach in its project delivery in the country which has created obvious problems of economic waste and end user unsatisfaction given the obvious advantages of the PPP. The study sampled the opinion of fifty-five selected project professionals who had worked on PPPs related construction outfits in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. An objective realization instrument developed using twelve (45) factors identified in the literature as possible constraints to the implementation of PPPs projects were ranked based on the Likert five-point scale. The score of respondents to the factors were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and factor analysis as the major tool. Results of the analysis among others show that the Dearth of transparency in partnership arrangements is the most critical and impeding factor constraining the implementation of PPPs projects in the Nigerian construction industry. This is followed by in that order, lengthy bidding processes associated with PPPs, cost overruns, differences in interests and expectations of the stakeholders, inappropriate feasibility studies by contractor/consultants, excessive risks associated with PPPs, forecasting errors, lack of support and political will, inability of the public sector to appreciate partnerships in a PPP environment, not enough due diligence, poorly defined sector policies and public oppositions.

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