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MALİYE POLİTİKALARINDA 1980 SONRASINDA YAŞANAN DEĞİŞİM: MALİ DİSİPLİN VE MALİ KURAL UYGULAMALARI

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The reflections of restructuring process of the economic role of the state on fiscal policies, particularly since the 1980s, have been realized on the basis of fiscal discipline and rules based fiscal policies around the world. Throughout this transformation process, discretionary fiscal policies have been held responsible for the increase of budget deficits with a concomitant rise in public debts, and on the ground of the argument that the sustainability of public finances is affected; rules based fiscal policies have been advocated. In our study, it is asserted that the real motivation behind the implementation of fiscal rules or rule like practices can only be understood via the evaluation of both social and economic outcomes of these practices.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Tüm dünyada özellikle 1980’li yıllardan itibaren devletin ekonomideki rolünün yeniden tanımlanması sürecinin maliye politikalarına yansımaları, mali disiplinin ve kurala bağlı maliye politikalarının yaygınlaştırılması temelinde gerçekleşmiştir. Söz konusu dönüşüm sürecinde, bütçe açıklarının ve kamu borçlarının artışından sorumlu tutulan iradi maliye politikalarının kamu maliyesinin sürdürülebilirliğini etkilediği gerekçesiyle; kurala bağlı maliye politikaları savunulmuştur. Çalışmamızda, mali kuralların ve kural benzeri uygulamaların kamuoyuna sunulan gerekçeler dışındaki gerçek nedenlerinin, bu uygulamaların toplumsal ve ekonomik etkilerinin birlikte değerlendirilmesiyle anlaşılabileceği savunulmaktadır.

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