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KATAR VE BİRLEŞİK ARAP EMİRLİKLERİ'NDE AKILLI KENTLER: MUKAYESELİ BİR ANALİZ

SMART CITIES IN QATAR AND UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

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DOI: 
http://dx.doi.org/10.9761/JASSS2640

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Deployment of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) in crafting smart cities in the Gulf Cooperation Council region including Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Oman and Bahrain. This study looks at these trajectories by specifically focusing on the interstices of smart cities and competitiveness through the role played by communication technologies. An initial question to tackle with pertains to the definition of a smart city as this concept is used in diverse ways in the literature. Transforming the cities into smart ones is a newly emerging strategy to deal with the problems created by the urban population growth and rapid urbanization. Smart city is often defined as “an icon of a sustainable and livable city.” Why Gulf countries have been investing in smart cities? Is the emergence of smart cities a mere reflection or neoliberal urbanization or are there other dynamics that we need to take into consideration? This paper attempts to convey the message that smart cities are crucial means of building social capital and also attaining better governance mechanisms in the Gulf.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu makale akıllı kentlerin kavramı üzerinden neoliberal kentleşme süreçlerine ışık tutmaya çalışmaktadır. Neoliberalizmin en mühim araçlarından birisi olan rekabetçilik Körfez ülkerinde akıllı kent kavramı ile mukayeseli açıdan ilgi çekici sonuçlar doğurmaktadır. Katar, Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri, Suudi Arabistan, Bahreyn gibi Körfez ülkeleri neden sıkça akıllı kentlere yatırım yapmaktadır? Bir yandan hızlı kentleşmenin etkilerine yanıt vermeye çalışan akıllı kentler, diğer yandan yönetişim ve sosyal sermaye etkileriyle düşünülmesi gereken akıllı kent yatırımları. Bu çalışma mukayeseli açıdan Katar ve Birleşik Arap Emirliklleri üzerinden neoliberalizmin Körfez Yarımadası'ndaki yansımalarının anlaşılmasına katkıda bulunmak istemektedir.

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